Retirement how much income required???
General Topic
Contributors to this thread:
Rock 04-Jan-18
kota-man 04-Jan-18
HDE 04-Jan-18
Bou'bound 04-Jan-18
midwest 04-Jan-18
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Amoebus 04-Jan-18
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JCarrowthem 04-Jan-18
ElkNut1 04-Jan-18
South Farm 04-Jan-18
bigeasygator 04-Jan-18
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BIGHORN 04-Jan-18
NvaGvUp 04-Jan-18
cnelk 04-Jan-18
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From: Rock
04-Jan-18
So Lou's Retirement thread got me thinking. How do you know when you have enough money/income to retire on? One of the things on our company retirement planning website tells me I may need $150K a year. Is that enough or too much? I have started a spreadsheet detailing the expenses we will have but am a long way from finished with it. Do not what to eliminate hunting/fishing trips to Canada and Alaska and well as other states so will have to figure that in somehow.

From: kota-man
04-Jan-18
$20,000 a year for some. $200,000 a year for some. Every person will be different for what they "need". A good financial planner can help. I'm going through the process right now of what I'll "need" even though I'm a few years off from retirement. I have a feeling I have "enough", but am anxious to see what the experts say based on my account balances and expenses in retirement.

From: HDE
04-Jan-18
Will depend on the lifestyle you want to maintain (not uncommon to figure 75% of your last base salary) , when you retire, and against the devaluation of currency long term. Healthcare is a major component as well.

That may be where the $150k is coming from.

From: Bou'bound
04-Jan-18
when you have twice as much as you think you will need you are probably getting to the point you will have enough.

From: midwest
04-Jan-18
Dang, Rock....livin large!

From: BC
04-Jan-18
I'm doing the same. Getting my numbers lined up and vetted. Professionals I've read recomend 75 - 80% of your final salary. Of course, this depends on your lifestyle and circumstances. My wife and I planned well and are debt free so I'm hoping for a soft landing. Not sure if there is a magic number but would love to hear what some of you retired guys think. Thanks.

From: Bowfreak
04-Jan-18
I'll just shoot from the hip and let the chips land where they may.

Actually....that is not me but pretty much every person I have worked with in the past 20 years that decided to retire. Math doesn't seem to be strong poiifor many.

From: Amoebus
04-Jan-18
Rock - "I have started a spreadsheet detailing the expenses we will have but am a long way from finished with it."

Wonderful start. Do this for 2-3 years. I would still talk to a professional after this to find out how to protect yourself from major expenses that could derail all of your previous work (mostly medical). My fishing wife Steve (real wife calls him this) did all this and added in an additional $1000/month average to take care of all vacations for the year.

From: Jaquomo
04-Jan-18
We kept track of every expense and potential expense for two years. That included dog food and meds, trash pickup, vehicle maintenance, propane for the grill, chimney sweep, nonprofits and memberships, discretionary for each of us per month, everything we could think of and track. There are 36 different items, some monthly, some as needed (medical, dog meds, dental, etc..), some annual. We have a home in town and one in the mountains so those expenses were all factored in. Then I padded it a bit for unforseen costs (rise in Obamacare premiums, etc..) Both places are paid off so our only debt was one truck payment. We live in an area with relatively high cost of living (-) and don't take expensive vacations (+).

Before starting this exercise I'd WAG'd $60K. The real number was $61K. My writing income pays for hunting and fishing trips. Any other vacations we took were funded from dividends on one investment, so both of those were excluded from the $61K

The first year was kind of scary. Now after almost 4 years in, that $61K number is pretty danged accurate, which means I can reinvest a chunk of income back into the nest egg or splurge a little, now that I'm comfortable with the real numbers. If we only had one house or lived where cost of living was lower, we could probably knock $5K off that number.

BTW, kota, my primaryvfinancial guy retired so I moved everything to another one who already handles some of my stuff. He took a guess at our real cost of retirement living and hit it on the nose - $60K.

From: JCarrowthem
04-Jan-18
Great thread, I retired a few years ago still pick up a few small jobs each year and debt free I was thinking 100k a year will work out for us, it has is far.

From: ElkNut1
04-Jan-18
I'm retired & can live easily on 20,000 a year. We own our own home!

ElkNut/Paul

From: South Farm
04-Jan-18
I think many of us, especially if you own your home, could live on much less than the so-called experts purport on TV. I'm embarrassed to tell you what I could make it on, but then I'm a simple guy with simple tastes and no major inclination to travel further than 50 miles from home. The fly in the ointment for me is what will my health condition be in retirement? If it's as it is now with no major issues I know without a doubt I can get by reasonably well. If not, then who the hell really knows?!?

One thing for sure, if I can continue to get awesome returns like I got in 2017 retirement is going to happen sooner than I thought. Go Market!!!

From: bigeasygator
04-Jan-18
As others have rightly pointed out, a lot of factors go into answering the question "what is enough," and that answer is going to be different for everyone. Things like your pre-retirement expenses, expected changes to your lifestyle (will you take more trips, will your house be paid off, do you want a second house, etc), life expectancy, anticipated market returns, social security offset, other income sources, etc will all impact how much is enough.

I recommend playing around with many of the online tools and calculators out there that are designed to take into account all of these things. A google search for best retirement calculator will pull up a bunch!

From: midwest
04-Jan-18
So, Lou, what was the final nest egg number to generate that 60K income?

From: Rock
04-Jan-18
Was thinking the $150K estimate was an extremely high number when I saw it, so just trying to get a reality check form those that are retired. I am working on getting everything paid off and becoming basically as debt free as possible as no one is ever debt free. Medical issues I am trying to take care of things as they come up now and also fix/repair things I have been putting off like fixing a broken nose (deviated Septum) from playing Hockey 40 years ago. Maybe I will go buy a Mega Lotto and Power Ball ticket (I never do), if I won that I know I would then have enough, HaHa.

From: BIGHORN
04-Jan-18
It all depends on what you want to do during your retirement. In my opinion, you must have your house paid off!!! If you like to go river cruising in Europe with your wife you can expect to pay $10,000 for the two of you plus some money for souvenirs on a 14 day trip. Here in the states you can take a Mississippi River cruise or along the east coat from Maine down to Atlanta. It doesn't cost much to stay at home or around the place where you live. Your wife and you would get tired of staring at each other after awhile. Add up your normal cost of living items plus Christmas presents and vehicle updates plus about minimum of $25k for travel expenses a year unless you are a hermit. Just my opinion. We have been retired for 18 years and I am 72. We have been blessed for sure. I would like to go on 2 or 3 vacations each year but my wife doesn't like to travel more than 14 days a year. More hunting trips???? Hmmmm.

From: NvaGvUp
04-Jan-18
I do this for a living and all I can say is to repeat what kota-man said. Everyone is different.

Don't do what everyone else does, because you are not just like everyone else. No one is.

We're all unique individuals and as such, we all have different goals and objectives, wishes, desires, dreams and emotions. Your planning needs to take all of those into consideration and you need to have deep discussions with both your spouse and with someone with years or even decades of experience in helping people with these sorts of issues.

From: cnelk
04-Jan-18
I dont think some of you are quite ready to retire!

My required monthly expenses are $1400 - including mortgage. Food, gas, misc expenses are on top of that + another ~$1000. So $29,000/yr?

As I already stated, I already know my pension amount and Ive been living off that for the past few months just to see how it feels. Been doing good and still 'paying myself'!

Only 225 more days, but nobody is counting

From: Beendare
04-Jan-18
It helps to have investments that aren't at the whims of the stock market. most of my investment income indexes to the cost of living. Thumbs up!

My FIL had a good [pension] retirement when he retired many yrs ago through the trade union- $3,700 a month which $200 of that went to medical.

FFWD 20 years and now his $3700 is only $2500 for reasons due to the union itself and increased Medical costs. Don't underestimate the cost of living index rising as it kills fixed investments.

From: ASCTLC
04-Jan-18
My dad has been living on $36K/year and travels all the time! And I have friends who wouldn't survive if they made $80K/year and don't travel all that much.

You need to pay up for someone who has the tools to actually evaluate everything about your savings/lifestyle (current and planned)/etc if you want (you actually need it) any accurate estimate. I think the 75%-85% of final salary is fine if you're still 20 or 15 years from retirement because the future unknowns are just too far out to predict. I suspect that figure gets thrown around for people closer to retirement because they are afraid to take a honest hard look at their expenses.

From: bigeasygator
04-Jan-18
Rock, one thing to consider that may factor into the $150K number is whether it is a nominal or real amount. Nominal prices would be in terms of today's dollars, whereas real prices are in terms of future dollars. This will make a bigger difference if you are further away from retirement and the $150K number is a real number (not nominal). For example, if you are 20 years from retirement and assume something like 3% for inflation, that $150K/yr would actually be closer to about $85K/yr in 2018 dollars.

From: lawdy
04-Jan-18
Paid cash for my house and land in 70, so, no mortgage. I drive old vehicles, grow a lot of my own food, burn wood for heat, and my SS and teaching pension equal what I made my last year teaching. I still coach and play music. I bank royalties for vacations. We live simply and my only extravagance is my studio and guitars, though I have cut back. We get by and if needed, I could hit the road again. I did a solo New Year gig and enjoyed it. Medicare and a high level supplement cover medical expenses. If that gets too much, I still can get Veterans care I suppose.

From: Jaquomo
04-Jan-18
Nick, I'll shoot you a PM. Would rather not divulge "nest egg" numbers, but I will say that since I didn't have a pension I set myself up with an annuity that pays $54K a year from now through the rest of my life, plus a "home health care doubler" if that is ever needed.

So when I take Social Security at 66 I'll be way ahead of my spending budget and can roll more back into the nest egg or really do some exotic stuff. That nest egg is invested in a diverse portfolio, some exposed to the market and some in dividend-paying alternative investments like REITs and a Business Development investment company.

As a lifestyle, I don't scrimp on anything (except Sitka, and I might buy a Sitka Incinerator thong just because...) I didnt work my ass off since age 10 to live on bread crust and generic beer during my golden years. I have substantial Dish packages with DVR and HD for both houses, buy whatever I feel like, go wherever I want to go. I earned it and am now enjoying it. As I learned with my late wife, there are NO guarantees in this life.

Another ++ for "everyone is different". The formulas about X% of pre-retirement income are useless. High earners don't need nearly that much and low-earners may need 100% to be happy. There are a lot of "poor" old people who thought they had enough. Fast-forward 20 years and it will be 10X worse because our generation was pretty bad at saving.

My buddy decided to pursue the Super Slam and world sheep slam after retirement, so his "need" is significantly more than mine with maybe 3-4 out-of-state hunts per year.

From: GLP
04-Jan-18
cnelk is right! Try living off what you will have in retirement a few years BEFORE you retire. Then you will know what you need. I have been doing this and it is enlightening. I know I have enough now but, the finance part of retirement still scares me. But the,what will I do , is the easy part. Greg

From: Tilzbow
04-Jan-18
Complicated and suggest you contact someone like Kyle "NvaGvUp" who is/was a Bowsite sponsor. A few very general rules of thumb follow. Minimum retirement expenses for my wife and I look to be $6,000/month and that includes an estimated $1,500 for health insurance premiums and a $1,000/month pad. Minimum expenses must include utilities, car insurance, car registration, medical deductibles, prescriptions, etc. and must be sorted out for your area. That's net income, gross dictated by taxes, etc.

From that point we need to add our annual "life style" expenses including; travel, hunts, entertainment, etc. to get to our "total expenses" number.

To figure out your retirement savings you need in total, assuming you don't have a pension, take your annual expenses and divide by 4%. For example if your expenses total $100,000 then $100,000/4% = $2,500,000. You then need to factor in Social Security, Medicare, reduced spending in your golden years, and so on to determine if that $2.5M is more than you need, not enough, etc. Thus the reason to engage a professional's services to get a plan together!!!

From: ahunter55
04-Jan-18
I was forced into retirement at age 60 when my workplace closed the doors. I did get a slightly reduced pension (32 years with the Co.) I have 8 years military so VA is where I go & have for many years for medical. I had a 401K but wife became extremely Ill & I burned thru that in no time (meds were $1000 out of pocket after insurance). Asked for help on meds only from social services & they said buy a burial plot (FOR REAL). I had worked all my life & didn't qualify for "anything". A druggie that never worked or illegal DOES. Refinanced my paid for house. 3 years of juggling & pure hell but we made it. All the money in the world won't do us any good if we are sick.. We live modestly but do what we want & yes, 15 grandkids do pretty well also. I've managed to bowhunt 15 states & 2 Canadian provinces, take vacations we wanted (reasonable) & sent our kids on some fun weekends with their families. I get SS & a pension & wife gets SS now & a modest distribution from her 401k. So, I still have a mortgage due to her past medical issues but no other debt to speak of. I manage out of state bowhunts when I want (planning DIY Antelope & Hog with son for 2018). 20th anniversary in March so going to surprise wife with a 5 day Cruise out of Fl.. Well, planning anyway. We do lots with our G-kids in summer. We feel we are blessed with everything but a lot of $$$$ & that's OK with us.. We have what is needed.. Now, 16 years after forced retirement, we do just fine & under $75K. Hell, I never made over $50K working my butt off. Everyones "needs" are different for sure.

From: Topgun 30-06
04-Jan-18
I don't know why people think they can live on a lot less just because they are retiring! About the only thing that changes is if you pay off you house soon before you retire and can figure that monthly money can be used. I paid off my house and hunting property up in northern MI before I retired in 2002 and between my pension and SS check I'm netting as much as I was the last 3 years I worked, so I'm doing as much or more than I did while I was a working stiff, including going out west every fall to hunt for 2 months or more.

From: txhunter58
04-Jan-18
Yep, healthcare is a big issue, at least until you get medicare. then somewhat of an issue. My wife and I at age 60 are now paying $1800/month for health insurance in Texas and it is nowhere near as good of the coverage we had before Obamacare (at $950/month). If I don't at least keep catastrophic insurance, they could come after everything I own, including my ranch, to pay the bills if I were in a bad accident, got cancer, etc. Health insurance is a BIG DEAL in retirement. And guess what??? No one knows what next year holds in that regard

From: NvaGvUp
04-Jan-18
Never forget the cost of long-term care if you and/or your wife should ever need such services, God forbid.

But we're living longer which means we are more apt to need assistance of one kind or another than would have been the case with our parents, who mostly passed away in their late sixties/early seventies.

If you or your spouse ever needs to go into a long-term care facility, it can easily cost you up to $7,000/month and the average time spent in same runs two YEARS or more.

The last thing you can afford to deal with in retirement are YUGE, unexpected expenses such as those. If you can handle eating those potential expenses out-of-pocket, good on you, because that means you've done well financially and have made good and rational decisions with your money.

Otherwise, if it happens to you or your spouse, you or your spouse might become a ward of the state. Who the 'ell wants that?

From: Pigsticker
04-Jan-18
I have come to the point after several similar threads that my ideal number is $150k. I am below that figure for 62 so I may offset with some consulting work. Some of you do much better at spending than I do but that’s just the way that it is. I am focusing on creating additional income versus reducing spending to the point of losing my current way of life.

I wish that I liked simple things and was more content and could do with significantly less but I’m not at that point.

From: HDE
04-Jan-18
For those that are 10 to 15 years away from the magic age of 59-1/2, think of what a retirement could look like and how soon if you can dump your mortgage payment into a non-qualified type plan, interest bearing account with good returns for you instead of them. Paying a mortgage off early is big.

From: Steve H.
04-Jan-18
How many of you are retiring in place versus relocating to a lower expense area? I foresee spending far less in retirement as I expect to be in a far less costly area and average hunting trips will routinely be a cup of fuel to get to MT (2 miles away) or stepping out the back door instead of a multiple thousands of dollars for a bush flight several times per year. 292 working days but who is counting?!

From: Jaquomo
04-Jan-18
Kyle, Great reminder about long term care. I tell everyone I know who is in their 50s and healthy to seriously consider LTC insurance.

My mom is in year 3 in a nursing home. $8660 a month. She has a small pension and minimal SS, which reduce it to around $7600 a month. I sold her house and all her belongings to fund it, have enough left for two more years. Luckily this place accepts Medicaid for established patients when she goes broke because there's a waiting list for Medicaid beds in our area.

Unbelievable how many people I talk to who think Medicare or the Govt will help with long term care. Nope, not until you get down to $2000 in total net worth. Then maybe.. IF you can get into a place that accepts Medicaid and you qualify. And most Medicaid places are crap-holes.

From: Thornton
04-Jan-18
Not sure where you live but nobody around here makes $150k a year. My dad is 86 and lives on $1,800 a month. That being said, everything he owns is paid off and neither he nor mom travels.

From: Bowriter
04-Jan-18
I believe I would be asking a professional financial adviser rather than a bunch of bowhunters. The answer is different for everyone. It depends on your lifestyle and your desires for retirement. I am doing just fine on way-way less than $100K a year. But I have no debts, none. I am on medicare and I have wife who is make way more than $100K a year. So my figure would be totally different from yours. Get professional advice.

From: Steve H.
04-Jan-18
"Way more than $100k a year" + "way-way less than $100k a year" = a whole hell of a lot more than 98.5% of everyone else, lol.

From: BIGHORN
04-Jan-18
My wife is my professional adviser. Her MBA in Finance helps a lot. I won't get into numbers because it is personal but I will say that we don't have a house payment and don't pay anything for medical. We do have Medicare and United Healthcare plan F at not a penny of cost to us. All prescriptions are free for me. Not everyone planned for their retirement early. We did. If I have major medical care requirements I can always go to the VA but I don't plan on falling back on that. Everyone's situation is different so you can't really rely on what you read on this thread. Go see your Financial Adviser. If you don't have one, shame on you. Better get one real soon!

From: Beendare
04-Jan-18
Magic number is 59 1/2.....I wish.

Social security wise, Your full retirement age varies with your age. I was born in 1957, so mine is 66 1/2.

If I retire at 62 I lose 25% of the benefits I would receive at 66 1/2.

Then theres medical. My wife switching jobs right now our medical for fam of 4 is $2,500/mo [for the one month until it swaps] I'm pretty sure you can't collect Medicaid until 65 unless you are disabled. Retiring early would cost you for medical insurance.

My advice to young guys; its not how much you make...its the assets you acquire that are important. Assets like rental properties are awesome. When the cost of living goes up, you increase rents to keep abreast. You can sink todays dollars into them now [at 50% off in some cases]...and reap the benefits in retirement.

In my case I had kids late in life, so paying for 2 kids in college at $122,000/year [with after tax income -sucks] has postponed my retiring. You might want to factor a smart kid into your retirement equation. If only i could have talked my son into the OleMiss honors program, that would have only cost me $300/year the rest in scholarship. I made them both a promise to pay for whatever schools they wanted [and could get in to] That promise cost me a little shy of $500k.

From: Pigsticker
04-Jan-18
Financial advisor wanted to tell me that I needed 3.5M. Hell I could cash out for over twenty years at $150K a year for over twenty twenty years with that amount. Odds are I will need 150 do the first 10 years and a hundred for the second and 75 for five years. I have not been very impressed with most financial advisors. Like I said upfront my concern is building a $1M 401 K to take care of the wife in case I die early. She unlike me is very frugal.

From: Genesis
04-Jan-18
I'm a boglehead kinda guy and like their forums suggestion of 25 X Annual Expenses.Ive handled all my inv.estments myself.No load funds,no management fees or 12b.

Strength in diversity

Dang Bruce,he coulda rented my upstairs as I'm 15 min from Ole Miss!lol

From: Irishman
04-Jan-18
The truth is, that no one really knows how much money they will need, and that no two people's needs are the same. Some people spend lots more than others. Some people will live to be 90, some won't even make it to 62. If you have a steady retirement income, you don't know how future inflation may affect it. If you have a large sum that you're investing, you don't know how the investments will do. I retired at 55. The way I looked at it was that I'd rather take a chance on living to be old and broke, than keeping on working to be more "financially secure" and run the risk of having lots of money and being too old to enjoy it. I'm betting though, that if I do happen to live to be old, that I'll have enough to get by.

From: blackbear62
04-Jan-18
Interesting timing on this topic. Meeting with financial adviser next week to go over our retirement savings. I'm 55 and would like to retire in 5 yrs. On the radio today I heard a report that most Americans have not saved for retirement; many planning to rely on good old SS. They also stated the average person has only $60K out away for retirement. Biggest thing that scares me is health care costs. My grandma lived for 10 yrs in a nursing home before she died. My mother in law just went into assisted living at $8k per month. Savings won't last long at these prices b

From: HDE
04-Jan-18
59-1/2 to advert a stupid 10% penalty is why it's the magic number.

I have no debt and a portfolio better than most people my age. I had a rental and hated it, but then, it was the wrong type of rental so got rid of it. Don't really need to rely on a 401K as the one thing that makes it all happen, there are many other ways and the successful self employed guys out there know what I'm talking about.

What matters most is the avg return you get on your investments and like most have said, what your individual needs are/will be. I am not worried about SS, if it's there later then great, but young(er) guys shouldn't bank on it...

But I agree, the right type of assets are paramount, whether it be a good business or rental properties (or both) are not a bad hit.

From: Buffalo1
04-Jan-18
Kota-man hit the nail on the head. The nature of retirement will also help one learn the difference between "a want" and "a need".

Retirement does no necessarily mean one becomes a pauper.

The variable that will always increase in a retirement as a person ages is medical cost. The older the person- the higher the medical expenses will be. But that rising cost will be offset to some degree because you won't be spending money on what you use to spend money on - so you will have more money available to cover the continued increase in medical expenses.

From: JL
04-Jan-18
The wife and I started saving and investing when we got married in 1982. I was 21, she was 20. Her dad owned a Radio Shack when they had franchises. He worked it for a while, got a bunch of stock and sold the store back to them in 1988. He did well for himself. He was very sharp with money....much more than us when we got married. He told us where to invest out money. We still have the same mutual funds from when we got married. We lived a very frugal life growing up together and saved/invested alot. We got the kids thru college and they're on their own.

Anywho....when I retired from the military a while back we paid off what was left on the house. That was the only outstanding debt we had. The wife kept her big city job and does it remotely when we moved back to our place in northern Michigan.

The wife is real good at tracking our income and expenses. We (she) knows where everything comes and goes to and tracks it on spread sheets and Quicken. Most of our expenses are the usual ones everyone has....utilities, auto/home/life insurance, food, gas, etc. Our medical is Tricare Prime and that is a great deal for us. While reading this thread I asked her what our monthly expenses are. She said it varies with the seasons. She forecasts to maintain our current lifestyle after she retires will be approx $72K. Now....we watch our money but we also live pretty good. I do hunting/fishing trips here and there, we snowbird every year for 3-4 months, she does boondoggles.

I think there are three big variables that can trip anyone entering or already in retirement. The first is health. If you have an unplanned major long term medical issue, that can throw off your plans. The second is the economy. Many retired folks have some of their money in vehicles like 401's, IRA's, stocks, mutual funds, etc. If the economy takes a hit...so does your investments. The third is over dependency on the govt bennies. I'm not sure if social security, medicare/medicade will be around or solvent in the future. If retired folks are counting on those and they collapse or get reformed, that will force a change in retired life.

What I would suggest to a young person or couple.

- Do an honest analysis of your finances and expenses and set up a budget - Start saving and investing now as much as you can into different types of investments - Do not carry over credit card debt.....pay off every month - Keep an outstanding credit rating - Don't live beyond your means - Don't count on the govt (or anyone else) to do something for you that you should be doing for yourself

From: Grasshopper
04-Jan-18
Got on the Obamacare website a while back to get a quote for health insurance if my wife quit her job, and we needed to switch plan. My quote was 20k per year for a family of 4. Unbelievable! What a scam! I think I saw obamacare costs were going up like 25% a year. I 'm thinking I will be working all my life so I can blow my hard earned income buying freaking insurance.

The crazier part of it is, I have a few friends with rare medical problems, and nothing is ever covered. My attorney always likes to tell me insurance companies are in the business of collecting money, and keeping it.

From: Ben
04-Jan-18
We fall into the same group as Jaquomo. We have a home at the lake and one here at the farm and a few cows to help with taxes. We can live very comfortable on 60-65k a year and our living is very much the same as before we retired. If it was needed we could tighten our belts and still be fine.

From: Whocares
04-Jan-18
You know, if you have to attach a dollar figure to retirement, you are, well, I don't know... maybe not ready. A lot of retirement is a state of mind and having stuff you wanna do... ie be happy. Granted, you need the bucks to live, and many aren't in the position most of us are, but decide what you really want. Gonna last forever?? Than better save up!! You spouse may or may not be with you to be a part of it, which some of us know. Put them damn hiking boots every body worries about that have the right sole, tread, and laces flat on the damn ground and look up at the sky. What you want?? Do it!!

From: Coyote 65
04-Jan-18
Have Tricare for insurance, have lots of little bits of retirement income from different sources. About 70 thousand a year coming in. We also have 401K's and Roths that we are still reinvesting dividends in. We pull money from the dividends when we take cruises or go on guided hunts.

When we pass we plan on passing some on to the kids, grandkids. But not too much. I don't want them to be depending on us for their retirement. I have not told them how much money we have. We haven't figured out who gets the rest.

Terry

From: LKH
04-Jan-18
A huge factor that many ignore is how much of your income is not inflation protected.

Many retirements aren't and then you get fooled and live to long. At some stage you outlive your retirement and have to cut back.

From: HDE
05-Jan-18
^^^ but by then, you're too old and feeble anyway to do anything. 8^)

From: Elkhuntr
05-Jan-18
It is not that hard to figure out with a little research and tracking expenses as suggested above. The other suggestion of living as if you were retired before you retire is a good one as well.

Having zero debt is key. Also, take care of any major home repairs such as new roof or heating system before you retire.

Like Pigsticker posted above, I too have not been impressed with financial advisors. The older I get and the closer I get to retirement, I think the majority of people can do well on their own without a financial advisor.

From: BULELK1
05-Jan-18

BULELK1's embedded Photo
BULELK1's embedded Photo
To me it was always to have everything basically brand new and paid off and then be sure and have the house paid in full so that is what I did in 2017 as I was putting in my retirement paperwork.

I have the titles to everything and almost everything is 2017 or 2018 and the Deed on my home on February 5, 2018.

I am just setting up my Property Tax payments to the county and my Property Insurance with Farmers on my home as by having it paid off, I have to do these items separately now.

I just feel that what a person debt is becomes more about how much they 'need' to retire.

I have only my Utiities of $450 a month and my eats/food @ $300 a month......$75 a week on groceries ya know...

Good luck, Robb

05-Jan-18
I agree, best not to retire with any debt, zero.

From: Genesis
05-Jan-18
Converting Trad IRA To Roth is also a good tool when applicable once you enter retirement and lower salary.Ill covert mine up to the next tax bracket each year when I enter retirement so the kids will draw out RMD based on their life expectancy and not mine

From: ASCTLC
05-Jan-18
The real value in these discussions is not in finding your specific answer but in seeing things one needs to be aware of and that there are so many ways to approach and succeed at this, whether early, normal, or late.

There are a few accounts of people who's parents have used their entire savings for extended long term facilities. I've seen that myself with a family member and why I caution against those who might secretly wishfully think they'll get inheritance for that final push over the line when their date comes.

Some, like my dad have already stated charities get his egg when he passes. I say good for him because it's his money just as ours is to my wife and me (charities will get ours too). Am thankful we never fell into the 'entitled' expectation for a parents/family members wealth.

And it's ok if some don't entertain an early retirement or want to step up adventure (and the expense it takes) in retirement. Properly plan it and you've got as good a shot at getting it right as the rest of us.

Sure there are ways to access funds pre-95 1/2 without a penalty. Learn about the Rule of 72T for IRAs and Rule of 55 for 401Ks. May not be a right approach for many but due diligence to a well constructed strategy these are potential successful tools.

Being 1 year into retirement and only 53 years old, I have my moments of questioning too. But worrying needlessly is what I do...it's what I've always done....that's why we have the savings and a lifestyle that made this all possible. But I know the numbers show worrying, in our case, is for naught. And have for a long time having been saving and planning this for 26 years (was an engineer that geeked out on this from the start).

As my dad, and others who've retired way early before me, had advised: "When you retire you don't all of a sudden go on some spending, vacation binge, you go on as before being responsible with your money. Your biggest challenge may be to actually stop regular savings and spend the money after decades of such aggressive savings.". I'll go out on a limb and suspect others here who've retired way early resemble that last.

It may not be possible for some and they'd be right, but if these recent discussions on here should show you anything it's that there are so many ways to successfully skin a cat but is prudent that you take the time necessary to learn a thing or twelve about it before you're jolted awake with a dead cat in hand that all of a sudden needs skinned.

From: vmang
05-Jan-18
I feel it depends where you live. I retired in N.Y. , then moved to Kentucky. I gained an extra $20,000. a year income by not paying N.Y. state real estate vs. Kentucky taxes.

From: lawdy
05-Jan-18
My woodlot with logs is my fallback income should I need it. I can average 20 grand a year in veneer should I want to. Our logs up here go to Canada and overseas. Sold 3 for $9200, two birch veneer and one curly maple. A friend of mine bought 300 acres years ago near Sunday River ski area in Maine. Every year he sells a cabin lot. We own a 200 year old farmhouse and plan on giving it to our kids this year for a camp when they visit. I am 71 and tired of working on it. I started milling out lumber from our land for a cabin. Dug my well and put in a septic system myself. Downsizing. My brother and his wife sold their house to his kids and is living in their RV while he puts a mobile home on land he had. They travel a lot, so they just need a place to crash for a while that he doesn't have to work on. I plan on living 6 months in Newfy and 6 months here.

From: TXCO
05-Jan-18
A lot of great points have been laid out here. Remember that its after tax income (you pay taxes on traditional 401k, ira, pension etc), medical expenses are going up and inflation. Research which states have lower property taxes or exemptions. Have a plan and stick to it, even when the market goes up or down.

From: cnelk
05-Jan-18

cnelk's Link
Here is a cool website - AreaVibes.com

Enter a state, select a city, select 'Cost of Living', scroll down and enter what your income is now and it will factor in what it costs to live there compared to where you live now

From: ASCTLC
05-Jan-18
I'll further add: You still have to know yourself through all this. No one, even a high quality financial professional can tell you everything, they can only make experienced/educated assumptions based on your input and historical financial data.

What I mean is: ours, as good as he was, still had us down for $10K year for vacations, and replacing vehicles every few years, until our passing around 95years old.

I explained $10K/year was no where realistic as $2K only every couple years is what we spend on vacations. Sure there's room to bump up vacations a little but to think we have ($10K/year) money burning a hole in our pockets is irrational for us.

And we don't replace vehicles like the majority of people do. We take care of our stuff and keep them until the first couple occurrences of stranding/failure. Our 2002 Duramax is at 176K miles, wife's 2003 Grand Cherokee is at 193K miles, and my 2001 Cherokee is at 179K miles. All kept well maintained, rust free, operating perfectly fine, and no signs of replacement needed. Had the truck since around 2007 and the 2 Jeeps are replacements since the 2013 fire. Wife lost the 1998 Cherokee with 255K miles that we bought new back in 1998 and I lost a aggressively run 1995 Wrangler with 176K miles that I bought in 1999. Both ran great, rust free, and no signs of replacements needed. So no, we don't replace vehicles as most others do.

You truly have to know us to understand how we don't fit the mold of typical people but a financial professional has an expectation of typical. Just know even they can only get close.

LOL - the only jewelry my wife has is her wedding band and one pair of earrings. That was pre-fire AND continues post-fire...just gotta know us ;-)

From: Drummer Boy
05-Jan-18
I took a buy out in 2006 I was 51,thought I would take a couple of years off.Well here it is 2018 and I am still (off) LOL.I had rental property I sold it every one thought I was nuts, but after 25 years of being a land lord I had it.Used a 72T so know penalty I have taken 7% for all those years.But I put 3% back into the market when I retired I was making around 70 a year and living on about 35.Every thing is paid for, I also have hunting land and a cabin,and fish and hunt almost every day,I was a fishing guide for two years but the insurance got to high for a part time guide so I do not do that anymore.I am taking SS and investing the 1900$ into safer investmants.All this said every one is differant.I do go out west two times a year one bird hunt and and a some kind of biggame.

From: MNRazorhead
05-Jan-18
Just remember, financial advisors may have an incentive to recommend you retire later and build up huge balances in your (their) investment accounts. Spend the time to choose carefully.

With no-load mutual funds and a little research and a lot of patience you can do very well. I've tracked my investments against the S&P 500 index since when me and the wife started putting money away and I've beaten the index lifetime-to-date by 1.8%. That doesn't sound like much, but it is huge over 20, 30, 40 years, and it outperforms well over 95% of all the other mutual funds and most money managers. I averaged a consolidated 25% return this year when the S&P returned around 21% total return. It can be done. Low-cost index mutual funds are God's gift from heaven for the individual investor, and makes it even simpler. Wish they would had been around (they actually were around just not very many or well-known) when I started. I understand the above is probably better suited to some of the young guys on here just getting started and not us old geezers smelling retirement in the wind. What it really comes down to is that retirement (and the planning for it) is really just a bunch of choices you make. Do you want to drive a new car every couple years or save money and run your current one until it goes to car-heaven? Do you want to live extravagantly or more frugally? etc, etc... What do you REALLY want out of retirement, and what are you willing to do (sacrifice during working years, lifestyle in retirement) to get there?

I'd recommend everyone re-read Whocares post above. He gets it and said it well. Most people can retire on much less than the oft-repeated 80% of your current income. If they want to and are willing to adjust to get there.

From: Pigsticker
05-Jan-18
“You know, if you have to attach a dollar figure to retirement, you are, well, I don't know...”

One of the most ridiculous comments ever! I am not planning on living on $35K or for that matter &75K. I have not worked for forty years to downsize living. I am debt free, sans 2 years on my mortgage. Just bought new F250 wife is ready to pull trigger on an Accura MDX. Those will carries several years without car payments of any type. My real goal is to have what is commonly referred to as “golden years”.

From: MNRazorhead
05-Jan-18
Pigsticker, You have done well and I would venture to guess that you, if compared to the entire population, are much closer to the top end of the spectrum of how well prepared we are for retirement, than that lower end. The vast majority of folks in this country are not as prepared, which would translate to many of the people reading this thread. I think that is who Whocares, and who I have directed my comments at. The ones who are hearing that they need to be able to produce 80% of their pre-retirement income in retirement, and will not be able to come close to it. Or the ones that are contemplating retiring much earlier than the typical retirement.

From: rellikreed
05-Jan-18
In a way different class than the rest of you. 59 years old and recently divorced. Kids both college grads with great jobs. In 9 years gonna take what I have and move to camp. Remote northeastern Maine on the lake. Live off the land, hunt, fish, trap and forage. Three others in that area doing the same for up to 13 years and all three living for around 10K a year. Grow veggies and store in the root cellar. That's where they will find me tits up and a smile still on my face!

From: Z Barebow
05-Jan-18
MNRazorhead- RE Low Cost Index funds. +1. I started an IRA when I was 19 years old. (Long before there was a Roth) It wasn't much, but I was more focused on implementing a plan. I studied no load mutual funds and picked funds. I now have a financial guy and moved some money under his umbrella and I regret it. (He is a friend and I went against my better judgment) The investments under his umbrella have performed ok, but I have done as good or better with my own investments on low expense/no load funds. And at much lower expense ratios than the "managed" funds.

From: Drummer Boy
05-Jan-18
Razorhead is spot on why would any planer want any one to retire.

From: Jaquomo
05-Jan-18
My wife did really well investing our money herself, too. But when it came time to pull the trigger we decided we couldn't afford a 20-30% market downturn while drawing $60K a year from investments, so we enlisted two different advisors to recommand some safer vehicles that still provide a 6-7.5% return, while keeping a portion in the market to take advantage of the current run. We've missed out on some returns but we had "enough" money to retire comfortably.

Another thing to remember is if your house is paid off you can do a reverse mortgage LOC. That money sits there earning interest until you need it, then it's available with a phone call or an email. Gets paid back when the house is sold. For me it's a nice little $200K (you only get part of the equity) piggy bank I can draw from for a hunt or trip or home repairs without touching other investments earning more in this bull market.

From: Flincher
05-Jan-18
I retired in July 2017at 62. My single biggest expense by far is health insurance at $22,000 for my wife and I for 2018.We have been paying for our own health insurance since 2005 so I know what Obamacare has done to the market. So anyone planning to retire before they can get on Medicare better be prepared for a shock.

From: deerhunter72
05-Jan-18
It all comes down to lifestyle. Doesn't really matter how little or how much you make, it's what you do with it. My dad retired a 56 with a small pension, but fully paid healthcare. He's now 71 and their income is around 40k with SS, and I don't think they spend half that. They travel when they want, but are mostly home bodies. I agree that a good number to try and hit is 75% of working income, but not everyone will need that much. Some would need more.

I'll throw a plug in here for Dave Ramsey. If you don't know of him, he has a national brand(books, radio show, seminars) that promotes debt free living. I don't agree with everything he says, but his plan to pay off debt flat works. I'm early forties, my wife is 39, and we've been debt free, including our home, for over 6 years now. We moved 3 years ago and wrote a check for our current residence, pretty good feeling. We don't make a ton of money, but we both work and are comfortable and able to do pretty much what we want. As others have stated, being debt free going into retirement seems crucial to me.

We both plan to retire at 55. My wife will(hopefully) have a very nice pension that should meet expenses. I'll have to buy health insurance for myself, which I know will be costly. My 401k and her 403b will supplement other things we want to do. This is our long term plan that of course is subject to change if one of us dies or has a serious health issue. We don't currently use a financial planner because we haven't met one yet that we both are comfortable with. No offense, but I avoid places like Edward Jones etc like the plague. Those people are sales agents paid on commission. At some point, we will hire an independent certified financial planner who has fiduciary responsibility.

My only complaint/regret is not having my own hunting ground. Prices are high for timberland where I'm at and I won't go into to debt or borrow from my 401k to purchase any. I been very fortunate to have access to private property to hunt all of my life but that is changing. I still have a lot of public ground available and that may be what I'm left with to hunt someday.

Congrats to all you retired, or soon to be retired, folks!

From: cnelk
05-Jan-18

From: cnelk
05-Jan-18

cnelk's embedded Photo
cnelk's embedded Photo
Let try this again

I do my own investments

Is this a good rate of return?

From: South Farm
05-Jan-18
Another big consideration is WHERE you live. Cost of living rates vary widely geographically.

I did a calculation, factoring for inflation, and I figure I'll need about $15/day for gas, beer, and bait. If I can do that every day healthcare will be a moot point.

From: Jaquomo
05-Jan-18
That's about average in this market for a conservative portfolio, IMO. Some individual investments will beat that by a lot and some won't. Go back and look at the performance of those same investments from 2007- 2011 for comparison.

NvaGvUp might weigh in here. The bigger hurdle is whether you can afford a 30% (or more) drop like many experienced in 2000 and in 2008 and still draw from it while it builds back up. That's the killer for retirees with a lot of market exposure. They are suddenly paying what amounts to 30% more for everything, pulling more from the funds while they rebound. Some retirees never recover from a beat down like that. I have some friends who were ready to retire in 2000 with a tech-heavy portfolio. They never did fully recover and a couple are still working now, 17 years later, after losing 70% of their 401K value back then.

My company's stock was $78 in 1999. Had the 4th best performing stock of the decade of the 90's. Secretaries were driving Ferraris. Many employees were rolling their whole 401K into company stock. When WorldCom collapsed, our stock dropped to $3 before anybody knew what happened. Think about that - a $780,000 retirement fund drops to $30,000. That stock never did recover.

From: bigeasygator
05-Jan-18
14% is a good annualized return, but like Jaq said it's probably about consistent with what the broader benchmark markets (DOW, S&P, etc) returned during that time (just checked, the DOW returned 40% during that time and the S&P returned 33%, so you did a bit better). Historically, a conservative assumption on market returns would be around 7% per annum. You might have a slightly more aggressive portfolio that is aimed at returning more, but it'll carry more risk.

A common piece of advice is to stay away from investing a significant portion of your retirement in company stock for those that have the option to buy it. Most people already have a tremendous amount of exposure to their company given that is where the bulk of their income likely comes from. Stacking investment risk on income risk is just asking for a disaster to happen. WorldCom, Enron, you name it. Diversification is a great thing.

From: MNRazorhead
05-Jan-18
Cnelk, It depends on what that return is generated from. Is it from a broad equity base (large, mid and small-cap companies) or more specific such as mostly small-cap or tech? Also, is it a true total return including all reinvested dividends and earnings and less all fees and expenses rather than just the per-share increase? Assuming it is a broader mix of equities and it is net of all things instead of just simple per-share appreciation, it is a very good return. Remember, most all mutual funds and money managers don't even match the overall index. If you hit that, and it appears you have actually exceeded it, you've done well, very, very well.

2015 was a crap of a year, 2016 was average to a bit better and 2017 was a very good year overall, on average (from a broad market perspective). I have always been a believer in diversification and tend not to get overly involved in any narrow segment of the market no matter how hot it currently is. That is what got the employees at Jaq's company in trouble, chasing one brightly burning star. Slow and steady (aka diversified) is boring, but it tends to be better for long-term results.

05-Jan-18
I asked this question in another thread awhile ago. Good topic. Deciding to chase the superslam has hurt my ability to retire. I chose to do that earlier in life as opposed to beginning hunts later in life. Probably a big mistake. I feel bad about that decision now. If only I would have chosen wisely to invest that hunt money cost rather than go hunting. Would be in way better shape financially. Ugh

From: XbowfromNY
05-Jan-18
For me, As of now, I’m hoping for 59 years old. No mortgage and college education fully paid for whatever kid(s) I may have. Then I’m thinking I need $150K/year to live off starting in 2044 for say 30 years till I’m 90 so that would be $4.5M (not counting Soc Sec, my wife’s retirement $, or interest on the $4.5M starting in 2044). Hopefully when the time gets closer for me, I will realize my wife and I can live off less but who knows what the future holds. I have 26 years to figure it out.

From: Pig Doc
05-Jan-18
Every situation is different. I retired two years ago at 59 and spend over $200K/year but I have no debt and the cash flow to do it. Best friend retired at 62 and lives on a $50K pension. We both love retirement and hunt and fish together all the time. It's all about your goals and wherewithal.

From: Candor
06-Jan-18
The post deer season topic transition is officially here.

I hope to never retire full time.

After watching for years I have come to the conclusion that beyond a certain level of wealth that wealth increase and personal satisfaction seem to be inversely related. Charitable giving and service being positively correlated with personal satisfaction.

Self imposed austerity can have many benefits beyond financial.

From: BUCKeye
06-Jan-18
With the average return on investments listed here, then why are so many adamant about getting debt free? If you have good job security and much lower interest rates on loans, then whats the hurry to get them paid off?

From: lawdy
06-Jan-18
I still coach and intend to keep at as long as I can remember my way to school. I hope to keep playing music until they bury me. I have to be busy. That is why I like groundhunting. One reason so many of us seniors never totally retire is socialization. Go to any McDonalds in the morning and see all the seniors hanging out. I love working with my runners and throwers, and I enjoy the cameraderie with fellow coaches. I get as much out of it as the athletes. There are a lot of old Track and Cross Country coaches in our state and scheduling and seeding meetings are fun for us old farts.

From: HDE
06-Jan-18
BUCKeye - peace of mind that the bank can't take it away, if for some reason, you fall in hard times.

No such thing as secure dynamic cash flow as in working for wages.

From: tkjwonta
06-Jan-18
BUCKeye, I'm with you there. Financing my newish used truck at 1.99% feels like stealing with the returns I've gotten by putting that extra money to work elsewhere.

From: Genesis
06-Jan-18
I also like to run my number through a very simple calculator. www. firecalc.com.Great probability calculator based on historical markets.Very simple and runs your number instantly against every past possibility

From: Genesis
07-Jan-18

Genesis's Link
Plug in annual spending and add number of years and it will run a scenario for every market in history.Its truly amazing at what bad sequences on the front end can bring down your egg.However,spending frugally in bad markets and increasing spending in good markets (common sense) really helps to buffer the situation greatly.

From: midwest
07-Jan-18
That calculator pretty much agreed with my investment guy. Pretty cool running different scenarios.

From: Jaquomo
07-Jan-18
Yep, if a 30% market drop happens in the first year or two of retirement that loss will never be made up as the market recovers. So retirement "investment" vehicles need to factor in the potential market risk.

From: deerhunter72
07-Jan-18
Buckeye, the returns have been pretty good of late, especially last year, but there's no guarantee that another 2008 won't happen again at anytime. I understand taking advantage of low interest rates, but there is no peace of mind like being completely debt free. Anyone who says otherwise probably hasn't been there. Just my opinion.

Also, just my opinion again, but driving new vehicles all of the time keeps people working longer than they otherwise would have to. Biggest depreciation and loss of money most people will ever see. I wish I had the money back I wasted on new cars when I was younger.

From: Pigsticker
07-Jan-18
Buckeye, New cars are only a worthwhile if you drive them for an extended period of time. You are right they are a black hole to throw money into.

From: lawdy
08-Jan-18
Rellikreed has the ultimate plan.

08-Jan-18
I guess I wasted 33 years in the financial services business. So much retirement advice from bow hunters:) great resource!!

The older I get the more I realize the most important thing to do is stay as healthy as possible. Do you have a fantastic primary care physician? I know some guys that don’t have a complete annual physical every year. Don’t be afraid! Too many friends and family passing too young.

Good luck all!

From: SDHNTR(home)
08-Jan-18
My Goodness! There is an interesting mix of responses and information here. Some of it good, some of it downright bad. The fact of the matter is, there is never one universally correct answer to this retirement planning question, nor any other question on the subject. What's right or wrong is uniquely dependent on your own individual financial situation. End of story.

If you are even asking this question, you need to talk to a retirement planning professional.

Any good planner/advisor can assess how much you need in a matter of minutes, right down to the dollar. No guesswork. I do it for my clients every single day. And I'll tell you what... nothing makes me happier professionally than presenting a plan to somebody that allows for an earlier retirement, or being able to deliver a greater retirement lifestyle than expected. To suggest there's an ulterior motive at work among financial professionals is just plain silly. The better I do for a client and the earlier I can show them retirement, the happier they are, and happy clients = greater referrals for me. That's a much more significant net positive than another year or two of marginally higher fees.

Also, I always chuckle when I hear index returns quoted as a reference for how an investor is doing. Most people get that wrong, way wrong. Then they chase index returns into a raging bull market (like now) only to get crushed when the cycle turns. I see so much of this now and see it on this thread. Anyone remember irrational exuberance? It's back with a vengeance! The ONLY question that should matter when analyzing investment returns is "am I on track to accomplish my personal goals?" Benchmarking to some arbitrary index makes little sense for those in the retirement planning phase of life.

As others have said, the internet and a bowhunting website is certainly the LAST place you should turn for financial advice. Find a pro. Ask your good friends and other professional advisors (CPA's and Attorney's) for a trusted referral. You don't go through life without a doctor. You should treat your finances the same.

Ultimately, I like Charlie's answer the best. Stay healthy! If you can't do that, the money doesn't matter!

From: Pigsticker
08-Jan-18
SDHNTR, you over simplify a major life decision! I can figure out what I need but that’s not what I May want or what I want to leave my offspring should I pass on earlier than expected. I have a couple of pensions, some stock, 401K and of course Social Security but the plan is not to draw until 66 and perhaps even 70. All this and I am still wanting to max out the 401K for the next ten years.

This may be easy to do but I may need significant more money with all the time on my hands.

From: SDHNTR(home)
08-Jan-18
Pigsticker. sorry, I certainly did not mean to oversimplify. I think you actually misunderstood me. My point was the exact opposite of your take. It's NOT a simple or unimportant decision. Next to family, and health and fitness decisions, financial decisions are probably next in line in order of importance. It's critically important, and that's the exact reason why asking the "how much do I need" question on a bowhunting website makes little sense.

To your points... Most people certainly do need more than they think. Or at least they should plan for more, in case of health care needs. And all of the factors (pension, 401k, Social Security, leaving a legacy, etc) you mention can easily be addressed by qualified planner or advisor to help you come up with the optimal strategy, for you and you alone.

My intended point was... this stuff IS important! If you have to ask yourself this question, you obviously could use some help, so find a qualified professional.

From: Beendare
08-Jan-18
I dunno the exact figure....but its a huge % of the country lives paycheck to paycheck.

Good thread even if it only gets the young guys thinking about it.

Jaq- good point on Stock Market volatility. I think its going to be a pretty good run with Trump in there...so far so good but you never know. I considered the Stock Markets potential and diversified a big % away from it years ago.

I know some dads in our area almost my age that think day trading Bitcoin is investing....the one guy tells me he thinks he can quit his job as its so lucrative- Facepalm

From: Drummer Boy
09-Jan-18
sdhntr you are right my planner got me through 2008 .He has helped me with other things then money.But like all things you do have to be carefull I know two guys that are flat broke from bad advice.

From: HDE
09-Jan-18
As has been said, it all depends on what you want your post working years to look like.

Postpone (larger spending) now for a better retirement tomorrow hoping for good health to enjoy it or living a fairly "normal" life now and have a fairly "normal" retirement later?

Investing in the market for retirement is certainly a risk and requires understanding how to do it and what financial vehicles are available. I would respect the advice of a more sage investor/planner with real life experience over a young hotshot that wants to fast track success and just recently passed a series 65, 66, or 7 exam.

They are both financial "professionals"...

From: Jaquomo
09-Jan-18
Best retirement planning advice I ever received was from Charlie in an elevator. "Do it as soon as you can".

Then a couple friends who worked hard to enjoy a good retirement tipped over. That was my catalyst to move from an "investment guy" to a "retirement professional" and we worked out a plan so I could get out early and still have a good lifestyle.

Thanks, Charlie!

From: HDE
09-Jan-18
^^^ I agree to asap. In my opinion (underline opinion), I would be a fool to wait until 65 because that is the norm or what I was told to do...

From: SDHNTR(home)
09-Jan-18
Drummer boy and HDE, you bring up some good points. Anyone shopping a financial advisor relationship needs to first go to the website called FINRA Broker Check. There you will see what license an individual has and for how long, their tenure, employment history, education, bankruptcies, criminal activity and any complaints or disciplinary action that has been filed against them. All this stuff has to be declared so if you do a little research it’s pretty hard to wind up with a bum.

Like any profession, there are bad apples in every bunch. Stick with advisors from the larger firms as they will have extensive compliance departments and strict oversight that will weed out the vast majority of nefarious activity and bad advice.

From: MNRazorhead
09-Jan-18

MNRazorhead's embedded Photo
MNRazorhead's embedded Photo
Jaq, I had the same experience. Almost everyone I have talked to over the years that had retired has said that EXACT thing. My comments above regarding equity investing, as I also said above, are really meant for the young guys on here that have decades before they punch out for the last time (per quote in prior post "I understand the above is probably better suited to some of the young guys on here just getting started and not us old geezers smelling retirement in the wind"). They have by far the most valuable item to help them retire when they want - time. Time to plan and ability to capitalize on the time-value of money by compounding their contributions over many years. Time is also a great mitigator of risk and allows young people with many years before retirement to aggressively invest for higher average returns but not be at risk in the short term. I saw a chart once, 30 years ago when I just became a CPA that compared two people and highlighted the advantage of starting early to plan for retirement and the incredible power of compounding over time. The first person invested $2,000 per year for only 5 years from age 22 to 26 and then stopped. The second person waited until they were 35 and started putting in $2,000 per year until age 65, a total of 30 years. Assuming they obtained the same average 10% return guess which one ended up with much more? The first person's money grew 45.7 fold to $456,714. The second person had a 5.5 fold increase and totaled $328, 988. I still have that chart and kept it as a motivator. I hope I can pass that motivation on to some of the young guys (or even the not so young) on here to start early. You don't have to have a huge income to accumulate sufficient retirement funds, just start early, or now, with small amounts and keep it going on a steady basis, and pay attention to your choice of investments to maximize their ability to generate retirement funds with reasonable risk for your stage in life.

I also had one of my best friends and hunting partner die from a pulmonary embolism on Christmas day a few years back, just as he was about to put in his retirement papers. That was, as it probably was to you, a big slap across the face from reality. I can't wait to retire and am doing it as soon as I can.

I opened up a Roth IRA for my 22 year old daughter, who is graduating from college this spring and gave it to her with the initial contribution as a Christmas gift. Then I sat down with her and showed her my spreadsheet tracking me and my wife's own investments spanning back 30 years. I wanted to impress on her how that tiny amount we started with has grown over the many years and that she could easily do the same. I did get a comment about me being the worlds biggest geek or something similar, but her eyes told me it hit home. I did it because I remember for us the hardest part to getting started was actually just taking that first step to start when money was tight.

From: wild1
09-Jan-18
I think hiring a professional, with integrity and good references, is the way to go. Most people would probably consider my income/career to be "upper-middle-class", but a few things will set me (us) apart for retirement. One, I will have a healthy, iron-clad pension (which is a stroke of luck since retirement was the furthest thing from my mind when I started my career). Secondly, as suggested above, I hired an accountant/financial advisor (who is now one of my closest friends) the second year I started my career (many years ago). And thirdly, my wife is more of a "financial asset" rather than a "financial liability" which really helps, if you're married.

Barring a massive bear market, I (we) should actually be better off in retirement than we are right now - thanks to the reasons above, and some significant self-discipline.

Best wishes and good health for everyone contemplating retirement. Under ten years for me!!

From: Steve H.
09-Jan-18
Luckily I fell into the "Start Early" group although not quite as early as age 22. For the young kids bothering to pay attention to this discussion, educate yourself and learn about "dollar cost averaging".

From: ASCTLC
09-Jan-18
I also was an early starter (not as early as 22 tho) which also helped us nip lifestyle inflation in the butt. I turned every pay raise into retirement savings until I was maxed out. Then I used only 1/2 of every pay raise after that to additional after tax savings/investing.

An elevated lifestyle inflation early (as most people pursue right out of college) makes saving later painful because one now has to reduce their lifestyle to accomplish it.

From: Pigsticker
09-Jan-18
I have been undisciplined in many ways other going to the when the wolf howled. Luckily I have done better than I many. I am pretty much locked into retiring on $110K a year @ 62 because I am damn sure not going to dip into the 401K until 70.5 and then I will reinvest it.

My biggest concern is what is my additional cost to support the additional free time. I am not a handyman, I am not industrious, and I am not content at doing nothing!

My plan is to hunt, fish, hike, bike, workout, and take naps more in the afternoon with the wife. These are the unknowns for me.

From: Pigsticker
09-Jan-18
Damn, I could use an editor!!!

From: Turkeyhunter
09-Jan-18
Not ready yet to retire yet, but bought / started a couple outiftting business in Eastern Canada....My goal will be to retire someday, sell you retired guys Moose, deer and Bear hunts :) and trade some hunts or fishing trips so we can enjoy other hunting opportunities throughout the USA.

09-Jan-18
The real answer resides in the holding costs of the assets, current debt, and expected lifestyle. Every person is unique in all of these aspects.

09-Jan-18
Lou: Happy to share my experiences. I’m in a tree right now in NW Illinois hunting with a freakin Longbow! Everyday is Saturday!!!!

From: Jaquomo
09-Jan-18
Charlie, spending that much time in treestands will lead to hemmorhoids. Get down and hunt like a biped!

Pigsticker, I could retire on that amount too ($110K+). What I learned after the first 18 months is that my lifestyle is much like you envision - hunt, fish, hike, bike, workout, and take naps more in the afternoon. Plus I do quite a bit of volunteer stuff (archery club, managing two substantial fisheries, wounded vet and kids fishing, serving on three Boards). We also took a couple vacation trips every year and I hunt 70+ days a year. We had a hard time spending more than $70K even in the fattest years of spending when my wife had some health problems. So my $61K "budget" is really a "spending amount" because that's how much it costs to do whatever we want to do. The rest rolls back into the nest egg and is reinvested.

In order for me to spend $110K I'd have to develop a serious taste for Macallan 25, Cakebread and Opus One wine, Peruvian flake coke, expensive hookers (now that my wife is gone) and guided hunts. Macallan 25 is the only vice with a possibility, but it's not worth the cost to me since Scotch is now only on occasions. I don't enjoy guided hunts so that's not going to cost much. Or I could buy a lot of Sitka stuff every year. That would put a dent in it too! ;-)

From: cbfromnd
09-Jan-18
Interested in hearing someone's take on what one does with 401k rollover to IRA? We currently are all in with the IRA having had to rollover our 401k. I am looking to diversify with some "safe" or "safer" place to invest? Financial guy seems to come up with a few different forms of annuity. Are there other options that I may not be hearing from him?

From: Genesis
09-Jan-18
Love the 2 fund portfolio of VTSAX and VBTLX......allocate at one's desire.

From: cbfromnd
09-Jan-18
Genesis you are giving an example of a fund to purchase staying within the IRA correct? I'm wondering what other products are available other than annuity's ( if any? ) But don't get me wrong I like the heads up on the funds!

From: Jaquomo
09-Jan-18
I have some IRA investments in REITs and also some in a Business Development fund. They both pay a steady 7% annual dividend which I can reinvest in more shares or take monthly. They are generally immune to stock market whims. I know someone who bought a ski condo as a rental property with IRA money. I also have a big annuity as an IRA. You can do a lot with an IRA - within guidelines of course.

From: MNRazorhead
09-Jan-18
The two Vanguard no-load index mutual funds are excellent funds for their respective categories. An IRA is just a designation/label that an investment account is now an individual retirement account and has special rules regarding contributions and distributions, etc.. You can put a bank savings account or many other kinds of accounts into an IRA. Mutual funds are by far the most common type of investment account that people designate as an IRA. You can also transfer funds from one IRA into another IRA account, which is what I assume you will have to do since your 401-K is now rolled over into an existing IRA, If I understand what you are saying?

From: SDHNTR(home)
09-Jan-18
cbfromd, absolutely! There are a multitude of investment choices available to you in an IRA. Don't invest in anything you don't fully understand and make sure ALL expenses are fully disclosed to you and are 100% transparent. Annuities can be great or terrible investment vehicles and there are lots of different types. Some are really expensive. Has that been explained to you? Are the costs worth it to you? Similar case with mutual funds. What might be right for Genesis might be totally wrong for you. Those two particular Vanguard index funds are good funds but they also both have their own associated systematic risks that are very real right now. One being a stock market at all time highs and one being a bond market faced with rising interest rates. Ask lots of questions. If it doesn't feel right to you, it isn't!

Again, don't go asking for specific advice like this on the internet. It sounds like you don't trust the advisor you have already sought out. Find another one. Ask a friend or family member you trust, or your CPA/Attorney, for a referral.

From: IntruderBN
09-Jan-18
I practice tax and trusts & estate law. I'll make a quick plug for incapacity planning. Make sure you've designated who will manage your medical and financial affairs should you become incapacitated. Believe me, you don't want the legal system to make those decisions for you. Protecting your nest egg is the LAST of the system's concerns, and an incapacitated person is a very EXPENSIVE person. Powers of Attorney, living wills, etc., don't cost much and are worth their weight in gold.

From: SDHNTR(home)
09-Jan-18
Again, this site should be the first place you look when considering a financial advisor:

https://brokercheck.finra.org/

From: SDHNTR(home)
09-Jan-18
IntruderBN, AMEN! One of the biggest mistakes I see clients make is not having an estate plan. No better way to tear apart an otherwise loving family.

From: kyrob
09-Jan-18
Curious to get some opinions. I have my IRA's with EJ. It cost me 3250.00 dollars this past year for them to "take care" of my money. My account increased 43,000 dollars this year. Sounds like a lot but is this the best way to go about it? My 401k at work returned 18% this year with me doing all the picking of investment choices. Kinda got me to wondering if I am giving away money when I could do it myself but I have to think(hope) that they would be on top of it if SHTF and may be able to make corrections faster than I would. I have about 13 years til 67. Thanks for the opinions.

From: SDHNTR(home)
09-Jan-18
kyrob, $3250 could be a lot, or a little, it all depends on how much you have. Fees are usually assessed on the total value of your assets, so whether or not that is reasonable depends on the size of your acct. I would first start with asking your guy to justify those fees. Make sure his response makes sense to you. Then go get a second opinion. When comparing portfolios, you must compare risk profiles too as performance cannot be measured in a vacuum. Only you can answer the question whether the fees are worth it, but I do think you may be on the right track in that it's easy to say you don't need the advice in an up market like this. A rising tide floats all boats. Ask your guy to show you how your investment strategy did in 2008. That should be a good indicator of the flip side of the coin we've experienced lately. And look at a longer track record than just one year. That's not a long enough time period to make a fully informed decision. Even Warren Buffett has had off years. Look at 5 and preferably 10 year continuous periods before you make firm decisions.

From: blackbear62
09-Jan-18
The wife and I had a meeting with our financial advisor today. Too say I was disappointed in his bow hunting advice is an understatement. But, he did say I'm all set to retire in 5 yrs @ 60.

From: Pigsticker
09-Jan-18
Jaq, thanks for the perspective. If you come across the pure Peruvian flake I will come out of retirement!

From: Elkhuntr
10-Jan-18
kyrob, I would get another opinion on the account with EJ before talking with them further. Educate yourself before meeting with them, and have your questions written down. I suspect you will find a better option then EJ

10-Jan-18
UP retirement needs beer, bait and gas money

From: Genesis
10-Jan-18
kyrob,that's $3,250 for sure that won't be invested.Too many companies out there providing service for much much less.

From: Fuzzy
10-Jan-18
I sure hope it's not much.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Genesis, how can you say for sure that’s too much? Sure, That’s an expensive fee if he has $100,000, but it’s also very inexpensive if he has $1,000,000. Big difference. Any decent financial advisor should be able to quantitatively justify his fee. Kyrob, give the guy a chance to do so and if not satisfied, move on. And don’t think your 401k that you are comparing against is without fees. It certainly has expenses, they are just internal fees baked into the mutual funds so you never see them. You could even be paying more in the 401k funds and not know it. Get ALL the info before making any decisions.

Read this is you want an eye opener:

https://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/the-smarter-mutual-fund-investor/2015/03/04/the-mutual-fund-fees-we-dont-talk-about

From: goyt
10-Jan-18
kyrob, It looks like the fees you are paying are fairly typical and you probably can not find a much better deal for the same services. I think that you hit on the key question: Do you need the services? I looked at my 401K and an account that I bought and sold stock in. Over 10 years which included 2008 my 401K averaged 7.4% and my account averaged 11.4%. Being over 59 1/2 I took an in-service withdrawal from my 401K and transferred most of it to a self directed IRA with no fees. I did over 18% since I did that. If you feel comfortable buying individual stocks your self and developing a diversified portfolio you can save the fees. If you will lose sleep at night worrying about it you may want to let some else do it. I do not think the pros can do a much better job of picking stock but they can follow a disciplined approach w/o emotion. You can get the same result if you do the same thing.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Genesis, how can you say for sure that’s too much? Sure, That’s an expensive fee if he has $100,000, but it’s also very inexpensive if he has $1,000,000. Big difference. Any decent financial advisor should be able to quantitatively justify his fee. Kyrob, give the guy a chance to do so and if not satisfied, move on. And don’t think your 401k that you are comparing against is without fees. It certainly has expenses, they are just internal fees baked into the mutual funds so you never see them. You could even be paying more in the 401k funds and not know it. Get ALL the info before making any decisions.

Read this is you want an eye opener:

https://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/the-smarter-mutual-fund-investor/2015/03/04/the-mutual-fund-fees-we-dont-talk-about

From: Jaquomo
10-Jan-18
I used to have some investments with EJ for quite a few years. Some did ok, some were dogs. My wife consistently beat the returns we were getting from EJ, and her fees were a LOT less. Then I met a former EJ broker who told me EJ often recommends investments that produce a bigger commission for them, not necessarily the best returns.

When I got closer to retirement I told my EJ broker I was moving to an independent who specialized in retirement planning. He asked me why and I told him I felt like he was working for EJ and his own commissions, and not me. He shrugged and didn't try to deny it or talk me out of it.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
jaq, you just extolled the virtues of a fee based pricing model versus commissions.

10-Jan-18
WSJ on-line article right now about brokers steering clients to deals that are best for the broker. Seriously? Say it ain't so!

From: cbfromnd
10-Jan-18
MNRRazorhead and SDHNTR... Yes A few years back we rolled a workplace retirement fund into an IRA with a financial planner. Good guy all seems well, up front with fee's, etc.... lately I have been asking him about reducing risk with a portion of the money and annuity's are so far all we have talked about moving money into. I don't like what I see with a variable annuity fee's... so Just wondering what type of products other than an annuity I could use? I understand where some people are coming from when they say this is no place to be asking such questions, but I will tell you that sometimes a lot of good down to earth common sense information can be obtained from such conversations.. I have already came away with a couple of things/ideas just from this thread.

From: cnelk
10-Jan-18
Sometimes its actually better to get monetary/life advice from Bowsite rather than bowhunting advice! lol!

From: MNRazorhead
10-Jan-18
No-load mutual funds. There are many out there to pick from based on what you want out of them. Or, get a new planner that will listen to what you want and give you more options because there are definitely more out there. Can't really give you anything more specific without knowing a lot more about you and your situation.

10-Jan-18
Since Trump has been in office an indexed S&P would have been wise.

From: deerhunter72
10-Jan-18
My wife has a chunck of money trapped in a variable annuity in a 403b with her employer. Just recently been looking at the fees and found out that they are really high (2.4%). We met with the advisor for the account a few months ago to discuss the fees and he repeatedly lied thru his teeth. We have filed multiple complaints against the guy. I won't give the name of the company, but I would look VERY closely at any annuity product in regards to fees. You need to know exactly what it's costing and what you are getting for the expense.

From: MNRazorhead
10-Jan-18
Greg, same thing happened to us way back when we just got out of college. My wife is a teacher and her 403-B was one of the first things we started putting money into and we chose an annuity from Great-West - didn't know any better at the time. I soon realized the high fees, and more importantly, the back-end load (deferred sales charges). It sounds like you have them too from your comment that the money is trapped? I would recommend 1.) stopping any further contributions into it and put future contributions into another, better, fund option available in her 403-B (hope there is a better option?), 2.)waiting until the deferred charges go away (it will probably be a number of years - we had to wait at least 7 if I remember, but the cost is so high it is worth it to wait until they go away) and, 3.) then transfer those funds to your account you set up and are currently putting money in. The prospectus for that annuity will tell you how much the charges are, how long the deferred sales charges apply and when they expire. Good luck!

From: MNRazorhead
10-Jan-18
Best plan by far is Ground Hunter's Yooper plan! Ya, dats a good one, you betcha! Love it! Going to be a big part of mine!

From: Jaquomo
10-Jan-18
The way I looked at my big annuity was this: How much would our annual guaranteed payback be over our lifetimes once we started withdrawing, vs. putting that same money into the overall market for the same period of time and risking a major downturn or worse, an extended bear market after we retired? Fees weren't really a concern because I planned to leave the money in there until I needed it (12 year window). I already had enough nest egg exposed to the market and in alternative investments. An annuity was our way of guaranteeing a lifetime revenue stream for both my wife and I of $52K a year, which combined with max Social Security gives us a pretty healthy income regardless of what happens with our other investments. Then our investment nest egg can grow or be used for trips, unexpected medical expenses, major renovations, whatever. It's gravy.

Annuities aren't for everyone. Especially not necessarily for those with a good guaranteed pension ahead. They also aren't for those who view them like a traditional market-based vehicle. It's simply an insurance policy for a chunk of your money, and insurance costs money (fees). We wanted the peace of mind that no matter what happens with the market, we wouldn't run out of money and could still live a good lifestyle. I haven't yet found a mutual fund or an investment advisor who will guarantee that my money will reach X value in X years.

At one company I worked for I was eligible for a modest pension. When they offered a lump sum buyout years later I took a close look and ran some numbers with our investment guy, and by rolling that lump sum into our big annuity I would actually get a better monthly payback from the same amount at the same age than leaving it in the pension.

From: Screwball
10-Jan-18
My wife and I have been looking a retirement for a long time. We are looking at 2 for her 4 for me. Planning, We met with three different retirement councilors-investors. We will both retire with a solid pension fund. We will be basically debt free. I will need a single health care plan for 4 years and the wife a supplemental medicare plan. We have some small IRA's savings, etc. They told us we needed 300,000 to 450,000 more. I was for like for what. To retire and live, travel around the world. No way we need that but they would make good profits on us for sure. Be careful. Research yourself and don't just trust everyone's advise.

From: Jaquomo
10-Jan-18
Don't forget health expenses late in life. This has been touched on before. My retired neighbor developed prostate cancer that spread. His treatments cost around $8000 a month, and Medicare doesn't pay for it. They're now into the second year of this treatment and it's crushing their modest savings.

From: kyrob
10-Jan-18
Thanks for the info guys. EJ evidently charges a 1.35% fee for the first 250,000 and that slowly goes down with each 250,000. The next drop will be to 1.30%. What gets me is they took the first 1.35% from what I put in and they did nothing to earn it save for a few thousand the first year. The next year they got their cut again and got more from the original amount I put in. Kinda feel like I'm getting robbed but they are making me some money at least for now. The guy is very friendly and answers any questions very promptly and in depth. A lot of people I know use him but I still think it's a bunch to pay out but I have been called a bit frugal in the past. They do have a fund that I could control totally for 40 bucks a year and I might go that route eventually.

From: KY EyeBow
10-Jan-18
kyrob, Don't be afraid to call Vanguard or Schwab to see what services they offer and what they charge for those services. I think most folks focus on one fund they have that has done extremely well, or the opposite, and think the rest of their money returns the same rate,, NOT! A lot of individuals that I know are not capable of managing their money themselves in a way to maximize their returns along with minimizing risk along with tax efficiency. Full service brokers hate places like Vanguard and Schwab because they are making a Hell of a lot of money off of folks that don't know any better. Maybe that gives you something to think about as well as the above comments.

From: Whitty
10-Jan-18
Curious if any of you that invest in stocks yourselves use services like e-trade or scottrade etc. and have good/bad results?

From: deerhunter72
10-Jan-18
Mark, thanks for the advice. In ignorance and mostly because of convenience, my wife has been in this plan for about 9 years. The company is AXA and the reason the money is trapped is because the only other option she has to roll to is another insurance company which is no better. The only way she could move the money is to sever employment, which she won't do. We are patiently working with the school to get a low cost provider as an option. We stopped contributions 2 months ago. Surprisingly the surrender charges aren't that horrible so if we get another option we will probably just roll it all at once.

From: Bill Obeid
10-Jan-18
Tried the e trade thing in the 90’s. I can’t see the advantages of buying single stocks, for an average investor.

Much better off with a Schwab index fund. Your exposure in single stocks is too great.

From: Genesis
10-Jan-18
SDHNTR,are you gonna twist everything I post to your narrative?Firstly,I said I love VTSAX and VBTLX.Due diligence is a givien for anyone .

Regarding kyrob's $3,250 management fee I didn't say it was high.I said it was money that wasn't going to market and that there are mucho companies working for under 1.35 % management fee.

Both are those are the truth.

I'm a proponent for no load funds and skinny management fees ....it's the only thing I can control.Investors need to do their on due diligence but after being a white coat investor for 25 years I will continue to stay the course and investors need to realize that YOU DO NOT HAVE TO PAY SOMEONE to get competitive returns and sound advice.No load indexing can be very effective.

From: kyrob
10-Jan-18
It just seems to me that the market is going to drop a whole bunch one day soon and I'm not sure what one should try and do when it does. I know you will lose share value and just hope it comes back and when it goes down is the best time to buy and then hope it goes up but I don't watch it daily like I assume these companies do, (which they probably don't anyway, but it sounds good). I worked with a guy set to retire at the end of 08 and he ended up losing so much that year that he had to continue working for several more years. I don't want to be that guy.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Genesis, no twisting. I didn’t mean to offend. That wasn’t intended to be a jab at you. I was just trying to illustrate the point that there could be more to the story than just face value. That’s all.

There will always be a place for DIY investors and also those that need or want advice. There’s room for both in the marketplace.

We still have retail auto parts stores and still have auto repair shops. Heck, we still have outfitters and DIY hunters too. This is not much different.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Duplicate post

From: Candor
10-Jan-18
There are many ways to get cash returns tied to high credit. ...but the returns being chased by west coast money is amazing and really creating a lot of downward pressure on returns. I would suggest that IRA money be treated differently than at risk money. Create two pools (or more) - one conservative for your IRA and one gambling money if you are set on getting a high return.

Most investment planners are simply salesmen netting the herd into a managed fund and regurgitating information sent by their affiliation. As stated above - choose wisely. Perhaps only your wife is a more important choice for a long term partner.

Good financial planners are worth more than most are willing to pay.

A key problem is that most investors are willing to follow advice without understanding and then want to blame their advisor rather than themselves for not taking ownership of the decision.

And if you think you are smarter than "the street" then you haven't been around long enough. But the amount of good information out there is incredible. There are a lot of ways to beat big funds.

It will be interesting to see what happens with 5G and AI in the coming years. A lot of wealth will be created...but the black swan is always out there. Always. Just know what you will do when it shows up.

From: Genesis
10-Jan-18
Ok Nate,I feel better :),I realize I'm a hack but hacks can survive with some principles and discipline

1. Develop a workable plan 2. Invest early and often 3. Never bear too much or too little risk 4. Diversify 5. Never try to time the market 6. Use index funds when possible 7. Keep costs low 8. Minimize taxes 9. Invest with simplicity 10. Stay the course

I don't call myself giving advice because I can't and shouldn't but I do like to promote self empowerment in whatever you do.

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Some good stuff right there Genesis! Unfortunately most people aren’t emotionally equipped to do a lot of that, especially #1, #5 and #10. That’s where guys like me earn our keep.

From: cnelk
10-Jan-18
Question for the 'gurus'

I currently have a 457 Deferred Comp Plan thru my employer funded by payroll deductions contributions. Once I retire [age 55], its done.

So what can/should I do with it if I want to continue to build it?

Rollover to a new 401k? Let it be and save it for later?

From: SDHNTR(home)
10-Jan-18
Cnelk see pm.

From: goyt
10-Jan-18
Whitty, I select stocks for investment . I presently trade through both Schwab and Fidelity. Both have $4.95 on-line trades and pretty nice research systems. Except for a 401K where I had no option to do so, I have purchased individual stocks and not funds for around 20 years.

From: Drummer Boy
10-Jan-18
I think the main thing is to start, lots of ways to invest all are better then doing nothing.I do it both ways I have EJ and vanguard the reason I still have EJ is because I just like the guy.

From: Jaquomo
11-Jan-18
EJ recruits likable salesmen. My guy was very likable, and they tried hard to recruit me once.. ;)

My late wife traded through Muriel Siebert and researched through them and Motley Fool resources. She consistently beat the market and also our EJ returns, which the EJ guy always marveled at since she was an "amateur". Her "fees" were elk streaks and walleye fillets.. We only moved everything to a fee-only pro when our portfolio got large and we were looking down the barrel of retirement, and she got a little spooked.

Point is, you can do it yourself and do it well if you're willing to work at research and have the nuts to accept risk and losses with occasional dog investments. Its hard to tell your spouse that the "Peters Pipeline " stock you were so high on just dropped $10,000 in value before you noticed and cut your losses.

From: Pigsticker
11-Jan-18
Thread has developed into a huge contradiction. At first thread was retirement was to big of a deal to do it yourself and to get a retirement counselor. Now it has moved to manage your portfolio yourself. The later is something that I somewhat believe in.

My wife happens to manage a very large portfolio for her boss. When I say large I’m talking somewhere between $40M and $50M. They pick and choose and they also have a broker. The broker’s role has diminished more over the last 10 to 15 years. This started when my wife contacted some trade organization in New York when noticed a lot of movement with little return on investment. Later she was subpoenaed to come testify but later was released of that responsibility due to the fact that there was enough people to testify from that area so the court would not have to incur the cost of bringing her all the way from Georgia. So this supports my skepticism that fee based transactions work really well for the one on the receiving end and not so well for the investor.

Personally, I think that most of the pain of retirement could be transparent if all of us started young enough and were not a $200K plus a year income earner.

Case in point is I have friends and family that were teachers and military that have pensions and with Social Security retire comfortably with the huge task of financial planning to the degree that we have discussed. The below average guy who is wise enough to start early with small investing in company plans may do as well or better in retirement than they did working if they managed their debt well. I have had many people find out that they could not afford to not retire when they started to do the math.

Amazingly, I just of the huge number of people that cannot afford to retire. This is because of unmanaged debt, zero savings, and investing. If anything this thread has done is hopefully created the need to plan for retirement for the young Bowsiters and maybe woke up the the 35 to 45 crowd that they better get off the stick. I know many people will say that if they made the big bucks that this would not be a problem but I have banker friends who tell that they have more people in the $200K range that suffer from poor money management than many of those that make much less. I know and appreciate that many of you have not beat me up hard with the information that I have shared on this discussion. Had I been a high earner most of my life this would literally be a no brainer for me. Again, I am not worried about making ends meet but my challenge is strictly inmaintaining my current lifestyle. I absolutely abhor the concept of downsizing.

Truly great topic and even better input on the topic. Actually, I found this thread provided more common sense information than many threads on retirement forums and financial sites.

From: midwest
11-Jan-18
I started telling my two kids at a very early age to live on 90% of their income and they will retire when they're 50. I remember my youngest asking, "But dad, what if I don't want to retire at 50?" I laughed and told her, "Imagine how great it would be to go to work every day knowing you don't have to!" lol

From: Drummer Boy
11-Jan-18
midwest yes there is such a differance between having to go to work and wanting to.I was just lucky,started at a company at 23 that had profit sharing so even though I retired early I still saved for over 30 years.

From: t-roy
11-Jan-18
“Her fees were elk steaks and walleye fillets.”

Lou....For what it costs me to procure those said items.......well, let’s just say that my broker’s fees don’t seem too bad, NOW!

From: TXCO
11-Jan-18
Here is an article about the questions you should ask your financial adviser. Some good food for thought.

http://jasonzweig.com/the-19-questions-to-ask-your-financial-adviser/

The second article is one adviser's response. http://www.basonasset.com/19-questions/

From: MNRazorhead
11-Jan-18
I just have one more important point for folks to ponder, that hasn't been brought up regarding risk.

The standard practice is that a younger person can safely absorb high risk, and the expected higher returns (hopefully...), and that the level of risk should be moderated as you age and get closer to retirement. However, that doesn't mean retirement is the end of the line and you should have everything in CD's when you retire. Most people can expect to live 20-30 or so years after they retire. Now, think about that large amount of time in terms of inflation/cost of living. $100 10 or 25 years from today will buy less than $100 today, much less.

When you start ramping back the aggressive investing keep in mind your retirement date, but also keep in mind the decades you still are expected to live. I look upon retirement as not an end of the line in terms of investing, but as a waypoint on your total expected lifespan. You may still want a limited expose to equities or other higher long-term return assets through some of your retirement to maintain your lifestyle and purchasing power. Obviously, you aren't going to invest like you did back in your 30's, but you also may not want to be completely in "safe" investments. This has a big assumption in that you can do this and sleep at night. If your risk-tolerance is going to go nuclear, it isn't the right approach for you. In the end, what is most important is your comfort and ability to enjoy life, post employment. Just something to be aware of and maybe use as a tool in your toolkit.

From: SixLomaz
11-Jan-18
Correct me if I am wrong please. It is my understanding that any pre-tax contributions to a retirement / educational fund, be it 401k - 403b - IRA - 529 college plan, results in corresponding income being excluded from Social Security benefits calculations. Can any of the tax / financial planners comment on this please?

From: MNRazorhead
11-Jan-18

MNRazorhead's Link
Six, if this is happening on your paycheck you need to get down to payroll and show them the attached link. Pre-tax employer sponsored retirement plan withholdings should not reduce your Social Security wages. Other pre-tax deductions like health insurance and related will, but not retirement plan withholdings. 529 contributions are not federally tax deductible at all so they have no effect on your Social Security wages. IRAs are individual and not employer-sponsored, so they also would have no effect on your SS wages.

From: SixLomaz
11-Jan-18
Interesting. I will have a chat with payroll. Thank you.

11-Jan-18
SDHNTR is one of the most successful money managers I know so I’d take his points. IdyllwildArcher is a very successful Medical Doctor so I’d take his points too. Pat is one of the top cyber security guys in the country so I’d take his points. That said find someone you can sit with face to face, matter to, trust and then step aside. I used to manage my money and could do it well with constant effort but now I give it up to a real pro and could not be happier. I can’t tell you what a relief it is to not worry about money or which investments I need and when. I have a very limited amount and can’t afford to go backwards. Good luck all at finding “your” path to financial security.

From: SDHNTR(home)
11-Jan-18
Hey thanks Charlie! I've had several great conversations with bowhunters since this thread popped up. I love my job and I love seeing the relief people experience when they know they are on the right path to a secure retirement.

From: Jaquomo
11-Jan-18
Charlie, I'm a really successful fly fisherman - does that count?!

Another vote for letting a pro manage it. My wife did very well with ours, but she basically did it as a full time job since she didn't work. I earned, she invested and managed. That was the last thing we wanted to do in retirement. Plus, there are investment vehicles for limiting risk in post-retirement that amateurs may not know about. Like Charlie, we had enough, but couldn't afford to go backwards.

Many thanks to SDHUNTER for his advice. I took that to my prospective new investment guy today and he had the answers, some of which were a little alarming (total fees after everything is considered). But the risk-adjusted after-fee returns on the investments he suggests are very good, which they should be considering the market performance. So I'm still shopping.

From: SDHNTR(home)
11-Jan-18
Nice! Glad our chat helped Lou and you are now better equipped to find the right professional. I wish you the best.

ALL fees need to be transparently disclosed! The days of snake brokers hiding juicy commissions and expensive fees are fortunately on their way out!

Many of the old guard in my industry are begrudging the new fiduciary mandate. I think it’s wonderful! It’s the way biz always should have been conducted, IMO.

From: Alpinehunter
14-Jan-18
This is a great thread and interesting for me since my wife and I have decided to retire this year. I haven't done any detailed spending analysis and figure that we'll make it work with modest pensions, SS, decent 401Ks, reasonable health insurance premiums and long term care policies that we started in our 40s. You can't trade money for time and we'll never be healthier or more physically and mentally capable so we're gonna try it. We are also going to take SS as soon as possible. We'll prefer the cash flow early in retirement as we have a pretty decent bucket list and you never know when the Grim Reaper will call or SS will be modified.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
Alpinehunter, Have you run an analysis on your social security payments? Odds are, you will benefit greatly (usually to the tune of about 8% annually) by postponing your payments. I’m not saying not to live the way you want, but if you have other non qualified (non retirement plan) assets you can live off of for a few years, it will likely behoove you to wait before drawing on SS. Especially if you are healthy and have any family history of longevity.

Like anything else with regard to retirement planning, don’t guess at this. Any decent retirement planner/advisor can run a SS analysis telling you when is the optimal time to take payments. There are a host of such tools available on the Internet too. Don’t shoot from the hip.

From: tobywon
15-Jan-18
Great thread, I've been sitting back and reading this and there are a lot of great points and things to consider. Not sure where I saw this, it could have been in an email regarding my 401K or IRS fund, but it said as a rule of thumb, that by 50, you should have at least 6X your annual salary saved in retirement. I thought that at least this took salary into consideration instead of saying that you need X number of dollars for retirement. I understand that a lot can happen in the 15 or so years to retirement and it likely estimates a certain percentage of growth and continued investment and doesn't account for a prolonged recession or losing your job, etc. Anyone else heard this? Any truth to it or is this just a ploy by the financial institutions?

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
To have enough to retire? Without a pension, 6x is probably WAY low.

From: Genesis
15-Jan-18
"that by 50, you should have at least 6X your annual salary saved in retirement" I think AVERAGE annual salary is a little more appropriate and is what I've read.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
To have enough to retire? Without a pension, 6x is probably WAY low.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18

From: tobywon
15-Jan-18
SDHNTR not to retire at 50, but as a goal for where your retirement savings should be when you are 50. If you have 6X your annual salary (or average salary as Genesis mentions) you are on a pretty good track for when you retire in 15 years or so with continued growth and savings.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
Yeah I suppose that could make more sense, I just don’t like “rules of thumb” guesses in retirement planning. I’d much prefer to know exactly whether that’s enough, and if not, then exactly what I needed to do to get enough.

From: Rob
15-Jan-18
I found an online calculator that you put in what you have and the annual fees a place charges and how many years til retirement and when I hit enter I got enlightened, to say the least. The amount they keep is enough to retire on. I pick my own investments in my 401k at work and got 18% return and the other place got a bit under that and made good money doing it. If I am thinking about it right, from what they made me and then took their cut, they actually only returned about 10% for me. I am going to switch out of the fund letting them manage my money and try it myself.

From: loprofile
15-Jan-18
Anyone subscribe to the dartboard approach?

15-Jan-18
Nate, I am 48 and at that 6x rule of thumb now but feel terribly behind. Anyway I would have to believe that many, when computing, have to realize that they will never be where they need to be. What do you suggest to people that are in this state of mind so to speak? What does a person have to do to get there? This thread is great but makes me feel like a POS. lol

From: TreeWalker
15-Jan-18
Quote: "I found an online calculator that you put in what you have and the annual fees a place charges and how many years til retirement and when I hit enter I got enlightened, to say the least. The amount they keep is enough to retire on. I pick my own investments in my 401k at work and got 18% return and the other place got a bit under that and made good money doing it. If I am thinking about it right, from what they made me and then took their cut, they actually only returned about 10% for me. I am going to switch out of the fund letting them manage my money and try it myself. "

If you can pick your investments then consider low-fee options like BND for a bucket of bonds, VTI or SPY of VB for stocks, IXUS for foreign, etc? These are relatively very low cost so can decide you goal (x% stocks, y% bonds, etc) and probably need around 5 EFTs to achieve your goals of diversification at low annual cost. Some funds are around 0.20% or less for the annual cost so you are hit with around $2 per $1000 a year. If you are paying 8.00% of return then that is around $80 per $1000 a year. You pay in 1 year what takes me 40 years to hand over to the fund manager. Ouch. Not everyone has the same investment, risk, liquidity goals so do your research and seek advice from more than just someone operating a keyboard on the internet.

P.S. I was able to rollover money from an employer where I was still employed. Not sure if is still possible or if is limited to certain types. I went from 4% fees pre-transfer on a SPY-type Fortune 500 fund down to around 0.10% for a similar fund post-rollover. Is damn near criminal what goes on in 401K type plans.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
Ned, no offense meant to tobywon, but throw that 6x rule out the window. No telling whether that is applicable to you or not. You may need more or you may need less. And different kinds of money in different places aren’t the same. You could have $3 mil in a 401k and think you’re sitting pretty, but guess what, that $3 mil ain’t $3mil because you’ve never paid taxes on that money! Whereas $3mil in a non qualified brokerage acct is a hell of a lot more real money. So where is that $6x? There are just way too many variables to deal in rules of thumb! That one or any other.

So what do I suggest to those that feel behind? Same as with anything else important in life, put your head down, make a commitment, and fix it! But start with a plan!

Look, if there is anything anyone should take away from this entire thread, it’s that you should know exactly what it’s going to take to reach your retirement goals. You should not just be guessing at how much you need to save each year, you should know that amount down to the dollar! And if you can’t save that much, you must face perhaps some hard realities. Either you are living beyond your means and need to reduce spending, or you are going to have to work longer than you’d probably like. But bottom line, you should know EXACTLY what needs to be done. Everyone should know just how much they need to save each year, exactly how much investment risk they should take, exactly when they can retire, and how much they can afford to retire on. That’s a retirement plan! Anyone reading this deserves the same. The answers are out there and they involve a hell of a lot more than just investment returns and expenses. Or one can just continue to guess and hope for the best. Not me, I prefer peace of mind.

And Ned, you’re a bowhunter! You have to find an optimistic outlook to your retirement savings, just like preparing for any hunt. A “fatalistic” approach to anything always yields bad results. In my experience, regardless of the answers, it is nearly always refreshing for a client to have their retirement questions answered. Even if it’s not quite what they wanted to hear, like they need to save more, work longer, retire on less, etc., at least they now know what they are dealing with! Just ruling out the unknown is usually very relieving to most people planning retirement.

So my advice to you is to seek out some professional help. Lay out a retirement plan so you know exactly how much to save and what you are up against. Commit to the plan, monitor it over time to make sure you are on track, and before you know it, you’ll be looking at a comfortable retirement, on your terms. Good luck.

From: Jaquomo
15-Jan-18
Nate, guys should pay for the advice you're offering for free on here. Too many people I know think they can rely on the "seat of the pants" method of planning, with a strong dash of "hope" thrown in. The statistics on the number of seniors living on the edge of (or in) abject poverty is scary, and based upon the small savings of younger Boomers nearing retirement age, it's only going to get worse.

Where I live in a college town everyone is abuzz over the need for affordable student housing. That's going to turn around into the need for affordable senior housing within the next 15 years.

From: SDHNTR(home)
15-Jan-18
I also think there is a misunderstanding here that retirement planning simply means maximizing investment returns. Sure that’s critically important, but there’s a lot more to it.

Savings for one! You can’t expect your investments to make up for lack of savings. In fact, I’d bet on the conservative investor and diligent saver meeting retirement sooner and more comfortably than one who is just a risk taking investor. Think beyond just returns here.

18% return at a lot of risk could be less favorable than 10% at lower risk. Net (after fee) returns have to be measured against risk to assess value. Again, let’s not look at returns in a vacuum. Standard deviation comes into play. I can break down risk adjusted returns, quantitatively showing a client my value and demonstrating how they are getting their money’s worth from their fee. Any financial advisor should be able to do the same. And value should mean more than just beating some index. Is your advisor meeting with you regularly? Can you reach him/her on a direct phone line and is he/she responsive? Is he/she providing you with regular guidance to keep your savings/spending on track to meet goals? Did he or she present you with a written financial plan? Help you optimize social security options? Recommend the best educational savings vehicle for your kids? Calculate and help you to remember to take your IRA mandatory distribution? Work with your CPA on advantageous tax strategies? Make sure your acct titling and beneficiary designations are in line with your estate plan? Etc. all these things have to be worth something, and they are all things a good financial advisor should be doing to earn his fee. And none of these things can be quantified in terms of fees and returns alone. So please, to be fair, let’s examine the whole ball of wax here.

From: Genesis
15-Jan-18

Genesis's Link
Another opinion

From: tobywon
15-Jan-18
Not offended here, the 6× rule of thumb is not mine or something I'm pushing on anyone, it was something I read and only asked about it because I felt the same way as loesshill. I appreciate the feedback.

From: Rob
15-Jan-18
Well, after reading the link from Genesis, I can honestly say that I don't personally know any above average people.

From: Pigsticker
16-Jan-18
Hmm, I wonder why a college degree is number 1. I have five siblings with college degrees and I make twice as much as anyone of them. This falls into the same of someone’s recommendation based on success in other areas to make sound financial recommendations. This falls into the same thought of I see on bowsite where some opinions are highly valued while some are devalued. Imagine if you picked stock like they predict success based off of The Heisman selection process. Hell, I could have told you that RG3 was not a pro caliber quarterback. Enough with that, like many have stated here I do not want to be my personal investor in retirement. If young adults follow three or four sound principles then retirement should be a no brainer. Where people fall victim is they do not start in their twenties or even their early thirties. Most people are playing catch-up after they failed the number one priority of starting early. Sometimes I think colleges and the government wants you to fail so that you become a slave to the system. Work until you are 65, rely on Social Security, and die shortly thereafter. This is like when you here of Social Security going broke. Well if you think that there is going to be hell to pay when people lose Obamacare or food stamps just think about all the retirees whose retirement plan is primarily based on Social Security. The government cannot let that happen and if it does then we will be the Social States of America. I have many who have retired very comfortably and their retirement is spent on figuring out their next cruise. Sorry for the rant but like SDHNTR stated that you need to save. Every economics guy on the TV focuses on consumer spending all the while they should be focused on consumer savings. People are amazed when I tell them that I paid cash for a truck. I get the same deer in the headlights look when I tell them that I am not going to draw Social Security if I retire at 62 and may not draw until I am 70. We can afford to buy a new bow every other year but we can save $1500 in an IRA when we are 25! I mentor several young guys and I tell them that they cannot afford not to invest. I spoke with one last night that I have known for thirty years and we were discussing him buying a $500K house and how that value could go up five times faster than a $100K house based on the overall value of the house. He never dreamed that he would be buying a house in that price range.

16-Jan-18
SDHNTR is another rule of thumb, assuming no company pension, that you can only take about 5% of your total after tax retirement money as income each year and it should last you 25 years? So if you have a million bucks you could take just $50,000 per year, assuming some amount, say 20%, in the stock market for hopefully better return over the long haul? So start taking $50,000 per year out at 65 and hope you die broke on your 90th birthday? Want $100,000 per year, then you better have 2 million in the bank at 65? Stupid rule of thumb?

From: Drummer Boy
17-Jan-18
I have read 4% and you should never run out of money,if it is invested right.So 80,000 would take two million not including ss.

From: Ollie
17-Jan-18
One of the best things that you can do in preparation for retirement is to make sure you are completely debt-free. House paid off. No truck loans. No credit card debt. etc.

From: Jaquomo
17-Jan-18
As stated above, there is no "percentage" guideline. Also, you need to factor Social Security into the equation. $80K can be done with a lot less than $2M. Depends upon your investment vehicles, dividends, expected growth of those vehicles, etc...

From: SDHNTR(home)
17-Jan-18
Mike and Drummer boy, yes I hear the 4-5% withdrawal rate rule of thumb tossed around regularly too. There is some very loose validity to it, I suppose, but also lots of variables. There is a HUGE difference in a 20 year retirement and a 30 year retirement. 5% might work for 20 years and it might not for 30 years. You need to think about inflation too. 4% might last you that 30 years but that same dollar amount will probably lose 2/3 if it’s purchasing power over that period. So what good is that rule of thumb now? How is the principal invested? That makes another huge difference on how long the money will last. What about sequence of returns? If you get whacked with a bear market in your first few years of retirement, kiss that 4-5% goodbye. Also, if that nest egg you are drawing from is an IRA or 401k, you still have to pay taxes on those withdrawals, so that’s gonna take another big hit. So is that 4-5% pre or post tax? Adjusted for inflation? For 20, 25, 30, 40? years? On what type of portfolio? Too many question marks.

Why is everyone continually hunting for rules of thumb? Guess what folks? There isn’t one! Like any other worthy pursuit in life, there’s no short cut. Stop guessing! This is far too important to just wing it. Get the EXACT answers you need.

If you want to figure this out, you have 2 choices. Either commit to learning and doing the research yourself and finding the answers on your own (there are tools all over the Internet, like Genesis stated), or hire a pro! I don’t see any other good options.

From: SDHNTR(home)
17-Jan-18
Also, with regard to debt, paying off all debt may or may not make sense. It’s not an absolute either. Certainly credit card or other high rate consumer debt is not advisable, but some people remain high income earners into retirement, and maybe they have a sub 4% home mortgage. They could probably use that mortgage interest tax write off. The real cost of those funds is now down around 2.5-3%. That’s pretty easy to beat with even a conservative investment portfolio. So the age old principal of leverage can work for SOME, not all, people. You have to be an astute investor and emotionally able to handle the risk of using leverage. Enter at your own risk.

But if debt keeps you up at night, it’s not worth the harm to your mental health. Pay it off. That’s my take.

From: Topper
21-Jan-18
Very informative thread. After reading SDHNTR's post about the value a financial planner should be able to show their clients for the % fee they collect, does anyone have experience with them doing post retirement planning. The financial planner at the company my 403b and several other investments are with wants to charge an extra $800 to meet with us and develop a post retirement spending and investment plan. The cynical side of me goes straight to thinking I have paid these pricks to much money for to little work and now they want to gouge me some more. Am I way off base with that thinking or is that the norm. If it maters, the company is one of the big ins. companies that are seen advertised on network TV.

From: SDHNTR(home)
21-Jan-18
See PM Topper.

From: Blade
22-Jan-18

From: MNRazorhead
25-Jan-18
ttt for the young guys out there. The hunting connection to this thread is that the earlier you start and stick to your plan, the more dream hunts you will be able to do later. Good luck!

From: Steve H.
25-Jan-18
I would be interested to hear about any particular strategies folks use to market proof funds as you go into retirement. Do most of you take a cash position for a few year's worth of funds to ride out any market fluctuations or do you use another strategy? I'm specifically meaning when you are preparing to pull the plug, and it wouldn't be reasonable (for a variety of factors) to go back to work once the plug has been pulled, making sure you don't get caught in a big downturn that takes a couple years of recovery.

From: bigeasygator
25-Jan-18

bigeasygator's embedded Photo
bigeasygator's embedded Photo
Lots of great advice on this thread. As SDHNTR rightfully said, there's no such thing as a one-size fits all plan or rule-of-thumb. However...I found this flowchart to be a nice guide for all things financial planning related. It moves away from the original purpose and direction of the thread somewhat into more generic financial planning, but I thought it was worth a share. Again, there are no one size fits all answers and I agree that it's always a good idea to talk to a professional to understand in what ways your plan needs to be unique or deviate from some of the guidelines above.

From: Genesis
25-Jan-18

Genesis's Link
Regarding Withdrawal rates.......

From: SDHNTR(home)
25-Jan-18
Steve H. Point 1, Yes, I do advise a cash buffer. How much exactly depends on ones needs and tolerance for risk. Set aside enough to make you comfortable, but not so much that you disrupt your long term plan's viability. You don't fall off a cliff when you reach retirement. Odds are, you'll need that money to last you another 30+ years, so you probably still need to take some calculated risk to keep abreast of inflation. There is such a thing as too much cash. Find the right amount. Again, this is where a retirement plan comes into play. A plan will tell you exactly how much cash you should set aside, while still investing the rest to make sure you continue to meet your goals for the rest of your life.

Point 2 is diversification. You shouldn't be taking on 100% stock market risk as you enter retirement, not even close. So bear in mind that while the market may go through it's gyrations, you aren't going to be totally exposed. Build and diversify the portfolio right in the first place, so the bad times won't be so bad. Then you won't have to rely on huge low or no interest bearing cash stores and attempting to time the market (which never works over the long term) to minimize damage. In retirement, you win by not losing, so position yourself with a diversified portfolio (stocks big and small, domestic and international, bonds, cash, alternatives, real estate, etc) to mitigate losses to begin with. And keep things mostly liquid. Make sure the majority of your investments can be easily sold to meet unforeseen needs in retirement.

Which brings us right back to the learning opportunity for the young guys now. Save early and save often NOW. Make it hurt. Doing so while you are young will mean that you won't need to take on as much risk later in life. It will make for a more stress free retirement. Trying to make up for one's early lack of savings by taking on too much risk later in life is a dangerous game!

From: 12yards
25-Jan-18
So how do you pick a pro that wants to help you vs. the one that just wants to sell you stuff?

From: Paul@thefort
25-Jan-18
How Much? I retired in 2002 at the age of 62, my wife just this June 2017 at 65 years. We figured we needed, prior to my retirement, $500,000- $750,000 in income generating investments, and then add in SS payments, Medi Care coverage, value of our home, (we hit that goal) to live comfortable but within a conservative lifestyle for the next 20 to 30 years.

From: Bloodtrail
25-Jan-18
All great info here....I plan to work till I die, I guess. 44 years old. Have pensions and 401k's, plus personal savings. Never gonna be enough in the world we live in....can't imagine what the costs will be 20 more years. Heck, my taxes on my house, cars etc. is $20k plus a year alone. Looking forward to working for the man for a long time :)

From: SDHNTR(home)
25-Jan-18
12 yards, great question! I touched upon this a few times above but let me make a more complete checklist:

1. Ask your successful family members, friends, CPA and attorney who they use and would recommend.

2. Bounce those names off of Finra Broker Check to see if there is a history of complaints or disclosures. https://brokercheck.finra.org/

3. Work with a fee-based advisor. This rules out the commission based pricing model where they may only want to "sell you stuff". With a fee based pricing model the advisor's interests are aligned with yours. They make more when you make more and vice versa. Ask the professionals that are referred to you if they work on an advisory fee or commission-per-transaction based pricing model.

4. Make sure you have a fiduciary agreement. Ask if the advisor is bound by fiduciary standard and ask if they will put that in writing. That means that legally, they must always put your interests ahead of their own.

5. Experience matters. Find someone with 10yrs+ experience. Preferably with the same firm. Beware of someone who jumps from firm to firm a lot. Advisors are often wooed from one firm to another (signing bonuses), attempting to drag their clients with them each time. Doing so probably does not provide a good experience for the client. Also beware the old goat who is half checked out too. Find a middle aged guy who still has to work hard. He'll probably be there for you for a long time.

6. Once they have passed all the above tests, narrow it down to a few names and interview each. There was a great list posted above by TXCO of questions to ask your potential financial advisor. Use that or something like that as a basis for your interview.

7. Ask to see a sample financial plan and have the advisor walk you through it. Then ask to see a corresponding investment proposal. Make sure you like the advisor's approach and explanations.

8. When in doubt, err on the side of someone working for a larger firm. The bigger firms will have more complete compliance oversight and systems in place to ward off most nefarious behavior.

9. Take your spouse with you and make sure he/she likes the advisor. You want continuity and comfort after you are gone.

10. Hire the one who checks the most boxes and gives you the most confidence. Good luck.

From: MNRazorhead
25-Jan-18
Bigeasy, I really like your graph, but do have one question. I see the creepy skull in the middle on the right side is directly in line after the question, "Got kids?" and then "Yes". Does this mean that kids will kill you and that you better buy some life insurance quick? Actually, it kind of makes sense now that I think about it...

From: Beendare
25-Jan-18
I think Genesis is giving some great advice. The avg guy will do fine with a little bit of research.

Where guys like Nvagvup- Kyle can help as a investment pro is to a high net worth guy trying to navigate the tricky tax/inheritance waters. >>>---------> There are a couple facts the supposed investment pros don't tell you; A small % outperform the market A tiny % do it consistently. So why do you need them exactly?

Fees kill you. Outfits like Vanguard with their low fees are fantastic. If you are even thinking about an Annuity....run the number comparing Vanguard with their low fees and they SLAUGHTER the foe fee brokers. Some of those annuities carry a high double digit commission- crazy. I still prefer right real estate as an inflation proof investment ...but a % of no load funds is good.

If you really want to be an active investor follow a successful outfit like Dorsey Wright that maps what fund categories will outperform the indexes. You don't always want to pick your investments from past performance.

From: Jaquomo
25-Jan-18
Bloodtrail, I'll bet you could retire comfortably if you move someplace with a lower cost of living. I own two houses in northern CO where housing prices are appreciating through the roof. My total property tax bill is $3900 combined.

From: deerhunter72
25-Jan-18
Bigeasygator- Great graph!

25-Jan-18

Mike Ukrainetz's embedded Photo
Mike Ukrainetz's embedded Photo
The truth is there are NO EXACT ANSWERS, there are only estimates based on the past, just like Genesis's link, 1970 to 2015, not 2015 to 2050. Best book I ever read on the subject.

From: Steve H.
25-Jan-18
Thanks Nate, nice to compare to what I (we) are already doing and the path we are on and its consistent with what you laid out above. Recently took a three year cash position on the balance of our estimated needs above pensions etc. for "market proofing" a set of waves.

We are going to relocate to a income taxless state with a lower cost of living when I do pull the plug. 13 month and 13 days but who is counting?!

From: MNRazorhead
25-Jan-18
Mike, I second your book. It is a good read.

From: Beendare
26-Jan-18
Holy crap Jaq.....I wish my property tax bill was like yours! >>>------------> I should probably clarify my last statement on looking forward when selecting investments. Certain diversified funds are constantly being adjusted by the manager- so if that manager has a really good track record...then that good past performance tells you a lot.

If you want to fine tune your investments further...THEN you need to look forward instead of past performance in say Real estate, Market sector funds...those types of thing.

So for example, if you would have bought Oil sector funds when they are in the tanker....they go in cycles so you can make a lot of $$ buying low. Same with RE in many areas.

From: peterk1234
09-May-19
Thread revival!

I just stumbled onto this thread. Well, actually I did a search on bowsite.com for "retiring". You may ask why the hell would you look here for that? Well, because I have learned that folks here tend to be very like minded, and the way they live their lives are quite similar. It truly is amazing if you think about it. Different educations, locations and careers, but we are wired so similarly.

Anyway, my wife and I just started this analysis. We are 51 years of age. We always saved money, although we had to blow through a chunk of retirement when I started a business and everything went to crap in 2008. We worked hard to recover though, putting 80% of our after tax earnings away for the past eight years. The goal is to continue the trend. My wife will retire in five years. I will be done in eight to ten years.

Putting money away at an early age cannot be stressed enough. I have been beating this into my girls' brains. I started funding their IRA's a couple of years ago (both were still in college but working part time). I plan to do that for them until I die. That alone, should leave them with $1.5Million, maybe more. However, there is something that is equally as important, that I did not see mentioned. It is the house. Young people reading this; do not fall into the American Dream trap and buy that stupid McMansion. Go as small as you can reasonably go. Single best thing we ever did. Our rule was one person working full time and another at McDonalds had to make ends meet. Our mortgage is $765 per month, and we live in Massachusetts. That mortgage will be paid off in two years. A low mortgage frees up a lot of cash that you can stash away. Also, once you hit fifty you should not require a car loan. Pay cash. Keep making "car payments" once you pay that car off in your forties, but put it in a separate savings account. Hold the car for ten years, and boom!!! you saved enough money for at least one car. Also, try hard not to always live to your max means. We all get more creature comforts as earnings increase but try to split the difference and take half that increase in income and stash it. Most couples stretch to buy a huge house, figuring their earnings will increase. Bad plan, because you will be buying other crap as earnings increase. Oh, and then you have kids.

My wife and I are products of the 90's. I was originally in banking, she was in the tech industry. Seems we were always going through a reduction in force; fancy word for layoffs. So, to this day I still expect the world to come to an end. I am in commercial real estate now. I still feel the same way.

The asset side has been figured out at this point. If we can continue to pack away at the same rate as we have, we should have 230% of required earnings once social security kicks in. I assumed that insurance will cost us $20K+ per year. My income should be better than projected because I invest in commercial real estate, not just stocks. I hope to find some opportunities between now and retirements that will generate additional income.

We just built an expense spreadsheet because it is time to plan. We live pretty lean, but I was surprised where some of our money goes. We then built a cost breakdown ten years out. Our expenses are projected to reduce quite a bit. Before accounting for income taxes, we will require $71,000, which includes $10K for travelling.

There is some great advice in this thread. Thank you for those in the business that have shared their knowledge. We moved our investments to a true planner a few years ago. Money well spent. He even makes suggestions on where to place our money in our 401k plans. I used to do it, but just do not have the time to keep an eye on things.

At our age we are still more equity than bonds. I figure we can handle one more recovery, then we are out. Our current portfolio is focused on managing losses, which is more important than some aggressive growth strategy. We are giving up some returns but the bottom should not fall out of the portfolio. 7% annual growth is just fine for me.

Once we retire, our goal is for a 4% return. This will be accomplished through a combination of dividends/coupons and some growth. If we can accomplish this then we should not have to eat into the capital base of our portfolio.

We also plan to move to Montana or Wyoming. Cost of living is lower, as will be real estate taxes, income taxes and consumption taxes. I bet we pick up $10K a year, just by moving.

We have a plan. Now we need to stay alive long enough to enjoy it :) Pete

p.s. summary of my long ramble: Minimal debt = cash flow, which leads to funds to be used for investments.

From: spike78
09-May-19
Pete, I’m somewhat like you in this thought process now if only my wife was as well! She bought a brand new car last year and now wants to sell our house for a different one and of course the ones she has shown me are more expensive. Please drive over and slap some sense into her cuz apparently I can’t!

From: midwest
09-May-19
Congrats to you and your wife, Pete, on being a saver and having a solid plan!

One thing I would question, though, is the thought of saving and paying cash for a vehicle. If interest rates are around 4%, wouldn't the money you are saving for that next vehicle be better off invested in your portfolio with a 7% return? Not to mention the tax advantage.

From: midwest
09-May-19

midwest's Link

From: grossklw
09-May-19
I tend to agree with Midwest on the financing of car. The opportunity costs is too large in my opinion to pay cash for a vehicle. I bought my truck brand-new in 2016, I financed every penny and put it on a 3 year loan (1.25%). It'll be paid off this summer and it cost me less than 800$ in interest on a 35k loan. That same amount of cash I could've bought two additional rental properties and made 20-25% cash on cash return on my investment, and that's not counting debt pay-down on financed property.

Everyone has a different mind-set for debt, if that just goes better with your debt tolerance, good for you. If you were going to go buy a yacht or something then yes, I would absolutely agree you should pay cash for that vehicle if you're not investing what you're not putting in for a down-payment.

From: Deertick
09-May-19
How do I get two rental properties for $35k? I’m interested.

From: grossklw
09-May-19
Sorry I should've clarified, down-payments on rental properties, you're not getting 2 rental properties for 35k other than in the hood of Detroit. I have one lender that will finance up to 85% if you're putting 15% down, find two around 100k and you can probably figure out the math on that.

From: peterk1234
09-May-19
There is always the opportunity cost analysis with things like cars, but for me debt is debt, unless it is used to leverage a return on a real estate investment. That is another conversation.

Returns on investments are not always guaranteed, unless you are invested in bonds (still have exposure though). The debt payment is guaranteed, it comes every month. Mathematically speaking and in perfect situations, yes you should finance. Life is not perfect though. That is why the total elimination of debt is so important, at least for me. My goal is to have only two mandatory payments, income tax and real estate tax (well that is a bit over simplified but you get it). Even spending money on food will be discretionary because I will be killing my food :)

From: LaGriz
09-May-19
Good information here! I'm VERY close to pulling the trigger. Looking at SS and annuity distributions that will come close to 70% of my present salary. I'm debt free, have 2 IRA's, 2 401K's, a Roth IRA, and a healthy amount of non-retirement (CMA) funds. My present life insurance will end with my termination at work. I also have long term care insurance policy that will offer some home health or assisted living coverage (God forbid) if needed. I have no kids of my own but will be helping out a couple of my lady's grand kids with collage expenses. Possible expenses may include: Buying a motor home or travel trailer, relocating to a community out west, Vacations & domestic travel, replacing a truck at some point. It's a little scary not knowing 100% what I will be dealing with. I have the ability to do some oilfield consulting at some point, should I feel the need to generate more income at some point. I hope to have time to dedicate to the LTB (Louisiana Traditional Bowmen) and maybe get involved more with the RMEF. Could see myself working in some capacity as a rep for hunting gear, optics company, or archery related group. Looking forward to this stage of my life. I have worked long and hard for years and want to enjoy retirement as much as I can....as long as I can! LaGriz

From: kota-man
09-May-19
Peter...love your post but my summary goes like this:

Minimal debt = Cash Flow, which leads to SHEEP HUNTING ;)

Great seeing all of this input. I was fortunate to have some monster years at work in my 40’s, that pretty much set me up. Built a new house 15 years ago, paid cash. Put two girls through college with scholarships and cash. Current debt level is zero. New vehicles are a killer and the death of most people’s finances. I put a modest amount into a diversified portfolio annually and go hunting with the rest. And I even have a little left to buy a little gear. ;)

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
I was pretty much exactly where LaGriz is, exactly five years ago. I pulled the trigger on my 60th birthday and it was scary due to the unknown.

Five years later, things have worked out almost exactly as our detailed projections outlined, except for the loss of my wife a little over a year ago. I am living on a small 5 year annuity and dividends, plus a little SS from my late wife's benefit. I do need to take a little bump from a nonqualified account now and then to pay property taxes, LTC premium, nig adventure trips, etc.. But everything is working as we planned it.

Next year I'll take SS and the big annuity kicks in, and I'm set up. So we planned it well and it's working. Some others I know retired with a plan wrapped around "hope", and had to go back to work at a low paying job.

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
One hard lesson I'm learning: Medicare is great if you can find a doctor in your area who takes new Medicare patients. After two days of calling different ones provided by Medicare.gov and being told, "Sorry, not taking any new Medicare patients", I finally found one who does, who appears to be a former Russian women's prison guard. She can schedule me for a physical.......in NOVEMBER.

They all told me the same thing. They can't afford Medicare patients. Estimates are that there will be a shortage of doctors in this country of 133,000 in ten years. With 10,000 people going on Medicare every DAY, we may have already reached critical mass for senior health care.

From: Stix
09-May-19
Medicare advantage plans are the ticket.

I retired on 77k/year at age 55, and I still pay 800/mo health insurance, 500/mo HSA acct, amd manage to save about 1500/mo after all bills paid. It doesn't take much to retire, unless you're one of those folks who buys stuff you don't need, with money you dont have, to impress people you dont know.

And no, I have no financial advisor who says you have to keep a certain amount of money in an account so he can make money off of it.

I I play it right, I will use it up (money) during my lifetime. The last check I write will be to undertaker, which will bounce.

09-May-19
I want some numbers:

Give me your age and what you have saved. I need to know how I stack up to a bunch of hunters! Seriously.

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
Stix, interesting about your perspective on Advantage. You're the first person I've heard say positive things about that vs. Supplement. (Granted, I havent talked to lots of people). Even my insurance broker/advisor said she advises most healthy people to avoid it, and she gets a commission for selling it. My next door neighbors were so unhappy that they finally switched to supplemental, but had to find a company that would sell them a policy, had to take a physical, had some preexisting conditions exempted, and have to pay quite a bit more per month than if they'd done it in the beginning.

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
SD buckbuster, its not so much about how much you've saved. Its about what sort of income streams you have set up to fund retirement once you pull the plug.

If you have a pension of some sort, the game totally changes. I did not. Thats why I insured myself with a good annuity with a guaranteed lifetime benefit payout when I was in my mid-50s. It was money we knew we wouldn't need until it matured. Everything else is invested in relatively conservative funds, a commercial REIT that pays monthly dividends, an alternative investment company that also pays monthly dividends.

I retired on my 60th birthday with a $60K a year realistic budget (including buying marketplace insurance for both of us). My wife died when I was 63 and my monthly spend went down. Next year at 66 when I start the annuity and take Social Security, I'll get $92K a year for life (not counting SS COLA), regardless of what my other investments do.

I also did a reverse mortgage LOC and the Line of Credit grows at about $800 a month, tax free. That $10K a year makes for a nice little hunting-fishing slush fund without affecting my other investments/income.

From: 12yards
09-May-19
Every time Trump mentions China and Tariffs, my retirement date gets pushed back another couple years. Ha! That said, I'm with SD BuckBuster, don't know how I stack up against the average. I've been saving in a Deferred Comp Plan my whole working career, have a pension, and with SS, I'm pretty sure I'll (we'll) have enough. The wife also has a pension and a 403B plan. We don't live real extravagantly so won't need to replace our current income. I'm hoping to pull the plug when I'm 60-62. I'm 56 now.

From: peterk1234
09-May-19
Jaquomo is right. It is the income streams. If you were lucky enough to be part of a qualified pension, well then you do not need as much income earning assets. A good pension, like you can get from a good state job, I bet is the equivalent of having $2.5 million in income producing assets. I am using that as my minimum target.

If you are married and both worked, social security can pay $40K to $60K per year. I'm 52, so I am anticipating getting the shaft by the government's misuse of funds and have cut our figure by 25%. I'm sure you all know this, but if you create a login you can see what you will qualify for on the website maintained by the government. It is actually very helpful.

I also have the benefit of commercial real estate investments with some partners, which helps to spread around concentration risk in my overall portfolio. Great returns, until we have vacancies.

Insurance is a real crap shoot. I am paying $30K per year for a family plan. It is crazy. I am tempted to jump off of a roof and break something so I at least get some sort of a return on my "investment". Don't even get me started on this massive redistribution of wealth scheme going on here.

From: Z Barebow
09-May-19
SD- I won't state how much I have built up at this point. (I don't want this to be a large p@cker contest. I suspect there are many folks on hear that will have saved more and less than I have) I am 53 years old. What I will tell you is I started an IRA at 19 years old (It wasn't much, but it was a start) Today I have my "foot on the accelerator". My employer contributes 11.05% of my salary. Additionally I contribute 18%. I up my personal contribution when I rcv a raise or COLA. I will be topped out on step raise this year. I also have a small LLC that I contribute max (25% annual income) to SEP IRA. I am lucky that I love my job and have job security. I use my brain, not my body! I like my job so much than my current plan is working until SS age-67. (My wife will like begin collecting SS at 62 1/2. She is older than I am. Not a big deal because her current annual income is below annual SS earnings limit. She will work because she wants to, not because she has to.) My youngest is a HS senior. (We don't fund kids college education, but we provide "discretionary assistance".) What # will it take for me and my wife to retire comfortably? Not exactly sure. But I can tell you if I buy generic mac n cheese, it will be because I want to. Not because I have to.

PS I have a mix of traditional and Roth IRA. (Within my employer and on my own with no load mutual fund companies) No pension.

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
Peterk, we kept our Obamacare premiums waaay down by managing our declared taxable income until Medicare time. I didn't make the rules, but I play by them. We planned ahead to draw from a nonqualified investment fund specifically for insurance purposes, and delay taking taxable IRA money until 65.

My hunting partner declares about $50K and has an Anthem HMO Bronze policy for him, his wife, and his 22 year old daughter. With the $1800 a month subsidy his monthly out-of-pocket premium is zero.

From: Rocky D
09-May-19
For some reason the “R” word scares the hell out of me! I was poor once and made a promise to not be again. I don’t have any significant debt but operating on substantially less looks like no mans land to me even though my retirement income will be approximately $105K. I have a substantial 401K but that has always been to offset the loss of a pension when I Bite the bullet.

Unlike Kota, my high earnings occurred in my later in life. If my earning potential had come earlier then I would have been investing large in the 90s and this would not be an issue.

09-May-19
That numbers comment was a little bit tongue in cheek. And how you stack up really doesn't mean anything if you're a hermit and only need 15k per year to live off of after you retire. NO debt=not a lot of needs. Lotsa debt= 150k per year.

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
Something most don't understand is that assisted-living and nursing home costs aren't covered by Medicare. It's all on you (or possibly the kids in "filial responsibility" states). Retirees can be quickly bankrupted if one spouse needs that level of care, especially early-onset dementia.

My mom's nursing home bills are $9000 a month. If my dad was still alive he'd be bankrupt because of that and living with me. Her entire estate will be down to zero $ in 4 more months - we sold her house and all possessions and liquidated her IRAs and its all gone. Thankfully she's in a Medicaid facility so they can't kick her out. Many facilities are not and people find that out the hard way when all the money is gone.

There are is a shortage of beds in Medicaid-eligible facilities. This will become a crisis in the next 15-20 years, and most people have no idea what lies ahead, financially, if their spouse needs long term care.

From: Stix
09-May-19
That's why after 65, you put your home and all other assets in your kids name so that in that event, medicaid will cover costs.

From: Owl
09-May-19
As I understand it, vesting assets in a trust, etc. has to pre-date a diagnosis by 3 (maybe 5) years or else the assets are still accessible to debt related to an illness.

From: BC
09-May-19
Not sure how accurate but I read this rule of 25 in a financial article. Goes like this.

Figure what you need in retirement. For simple example say 60K annually.

Figure all your guaranteed income, pensions, SS, etc. say it’s 40K annually.

Now deduct the 40K from the 60K. Equals 20K

Now multiple the 20K by 25 (years). Equals 500,000.

That is what you will need saved to last you 25 years (taking 4% annually).

Again, not sure if this is accurate, maybe some of you financial guys can weigh in.

From: Shawn
09-May-19
I will do it on 30 grand a year. That is for just me and I will live pretty good on that. No home, I will live in a big 5th wheel and move about to be with my kids and grandchildren. I will hunt the midwest from Sept til the end f Nov. Spend from Dec. to april near my daughter in SC and than May til August near my daughter in NY. I figure I can do this til I am 75 or older than I will figure it out. Gives me a good 20 years, than I have no clue but I am not gonna worry about it til than life is too short. Shawn

From: spike78
09-May-19
Jaquamo my mom is in assisted living and here in MA they have a program that pays almost all of it. I believe many states have this? Of course it kicks in when all your money is gone.

From: AZ8
09-May-19
Jaquomo is correct with the assisted living costs. It goes FAST!! My dad was in a private assisted living residence suffer with Alzheimer’s. Every investment my mom and dad did, smartly to prepare for retirement and their “Golden years” was quickly vanishing. We were liquidating everything. We tried for Medicaid assistance, but it was too late. They went back 5 years on their assets.

My dad passed away last year. My mom sold their house and moved with what little was left. Money is a bit tight, but she’ll be ok till the end. We didn’t burn through all their investments, but it was going quickly.

It pisses me off to this day. My mom and dad worked their butts off, played by the rules and never once asked for dime. But when it came time that my dad was the most vulnerable and helpless and we needed the most help, the System failed him and my mom. Alzheimer’s is a terrible way to go and I hope none of you have to witness your mom or dad suffering. My dad was a gentle soul till the end. He would just smile at me and stare.....I only hope he knew who I was. I could care less about the money. I wish I had my dad back. F@$%ing Alzheimer’s stole him from us even before he died.

Sorry for the side track, but before my dad got sick, he always told us...” if you have your health, you’re the richest guy in the world”. So everyone here talking about how much money they need to retire, just remember, if your health declines, it can vanish just like that!!

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
Spike, yes, that's Medicaid. My point was that the assets need to be all gone (actually below $3000) for BOTH spouses before Medicaid kicks in (assuming one is in a Medicaid-accepting facility, and many aren't). So if one spouse is healthy and doing fine, and the other one is afflicted and needs care beyond what the other spouse can provide at home, they may go bankrupt if the afflicted spouse lives for a few years in the facility.

I looked into Visiting Angels and other home health care options, and they cost almost as much as the nursing home, but without the great meals, social interaction, classes, exercise therapy, outings, and skilled nursing.

Owl, you're correct. Medicaid has a 5 year lookback on sheltering assets in most states. CA is 3 years. Which means if you do anything to shelter assets by transferring, placing in a trust, etc.. if the person runs out of money before 5 years, the trust or giftees have to pay the difference until the 5 year threshold is reached. Same if you sell your house to a family member for less than market value.

No matter what, a Long Term Care policy purchased in your late 50s can be really cheap insurance for not just you, but your family and heirs. Mine is $3100 a year and I hope I never need it, but odds say I probably will.

From: midwest
09-May-19
No nursing home for me. I've got my death all planned out.

On my hundredth birthday.

At the hands of a jealous man. :-)

From: Jaquomo
09-May-19
AZ8, thank you for sharing your heart-wrenching story. I am so sorry for what your family had to endure. Seems like the "system" is designed to help as little as legally possible. I see Alzheimers patients all the time at my Mom's place and that scares me more than anything we might encounter in the wild.

From: 12yards
09-May-19
Geez Idyl! I'm hoping I shoot a giant whitetail buck and die of a massive heart attack when I find him. Can't imagine a better way to go. Me draped over the massive beast.

From: LaGriz
10-May-19
Good stuff to consider here.

I want to share a situation my friend Bill discovered. His is wife started her Social Security a 62.5 about 4 years ago. Bill retired in November 2017 and started his claim but deferred payment. He waited a whole year and started to receive his checks in Jan of 2019. His wife got an increase in her SS checks once he started his claim in 2017. He could have done this when his wife started to collect her benefits 4 years ago! The added boost to his wife's distribution occurred because they were now factoring in her husbands claim. As long as he deferred payment his SS continued to build. This scenario should be looked into if you and your wife retire at different times. Worth a check don't you think?

Bills father-in-law had been living in Florida several years when his wife died. He moved back to Pennsylvania to be near family. He was shocked to learn that through some kind of program, he became eligible for a $500 increase in benefits. Later his pension when bankrupt and a federal program kicked in. The program paid him around $.70 on the dollar for his pension that had become insolvent. Best to have some qualified people looking in to your particular situation. A retirement planner might have anticipated these conditions. A little knowledge can empower you to construct a better situation for you and your family.

Best Wishes to the retires old & new! LaGriz

10-May-19
I have a little different perspective on things and might go against the grain a little.

I've had a great career with a good income that has grown steadily, a government pension and health care that is paid by my former employer after I retire.

I've spent a lot of money in my life and probably paid more than I should have on interest, trucks, toys, out of state elk and deer tags and half a house for my ex-wife. Ever since I graduated from high school I lived by the philosophy that I wasn't going to let the cost of living prevent me from living.

28 years ago I had a bout with cancer, lost my right nut and was opened up from stem to stern. It was a tough time in my life. That experience reminded me that tomorrow is not guaranteed. What good is a pile of money that you'll never be able to spend and a bigger pile of regrets for the living you never did?

12 years ago my girlfriend died of cancer at age 44. I believe my life would have been profoundly different if she had not died. One thing she said that stuck with me was "never worry about anything you can fix with more money, if all it takes to fix it is money, its not really a problem". That statement and her death reaffirmed with me that money is not the answer to everything and living is more important that having a bunch of money and never really living...

Over the years I bought things and did things that I probably couldn't afford but I came through it all and I now have very little debt and an 850 credit score but I haven't saved nearly as much money as I could have.

If I die tomorrow I will have no regrets about the things I didn't do or the living I didn't do. I've had a great life and did not deprive myself of much.

I will retire one week from today. I have a good government pension and I put enough money away in deferred comp (457 plan) and a Roth IRA so that between my pension and my monthly disbursements from deferred comp, it should come very close to equaling my current take-home pay at least until I'm eligible for Social Security. Then I'll start drawing SS after my deferred comp runs out.

If I don't quite have the funds to do all the living that I did while I was working, then I'll just cut back on my activities and spending with no regrets knowing that I lived a great life and did a lot of things that I wanted to do while I was younger and able to enjoy them...

From: 1boonr
10-May-19
If your pension and savings will make your payments and you can be retired you should retire. Life is short. I still have house payment and a land payment but I got enough in pension and 401k to cover it easily. Everyday is Saturday and quite often I have no idea what day it is. I could have worked longer to pay off house but it will be paid off in just six years. Meanwhile I retired at 55 years ten months and can hunt everyday and take a couple of western trips per year. Retirement is NOT overrated

From: Dale06
10-May-19
I worked 39 years at the same corporation. Relocated eight different times to five different states. I worked up to executive level. Made a lot of money. Lived and spend far below my capabilities for many years. Have not paid a penny interest in more than 20 years, including mortgage. And never paid a cent on credit card interest, though I use them often. Retired at 61, have six figure pension, max amount of SS, and a very healthy investment account. Lots of ways to become financially fixed. But living below your means, saving and investing early and staying debt free, except maybe mortgage will help a lot.

From: cnelk
10-May-19
This time last year I was planning on retirement about now. There were some changes at work that made it a bit better to go another year.

That extra year will boost my pension by $300/mo for the rest of my life.

Now that Im 55, the State will defer the first $20k of my income for taxes so that a boost also.

Im like ChesseheadMike - Ive done a pile of shit thru my life. Not much left on the bucket list. Im already living on what my pension will be, and have been for 18 months.

I foresee a Bowsite Retirement Party - Memorial Weekend of 2020 at my place. :)

10-May-19
100% of what I make before retirement is what I'm shooting for.... ....

From: BOHNTR
10-May-19
When I maxed out with 30 years (CA law enforcement), I retired and moved out of state (AZ). That allowed me to retire at 90% of my highest annual income. CA sucks but their wages are high. My wife also retired as a teacher and we won’t begin to draw hers until she’s 55-60, as her percentage increases each year we don’t draw it (calSTERS). It’s been a year now and I’ve found we have more than enough, as we have almost no debt and it’s much cheaper to live where I’m at now.

From: peterk1234
10-May-19
Man I love to hear all these retirement stories. You guys that have pulled it off all rock! Pete

From: Linecutter
10-May-19
We have no idea how long we are going to live and in what condition we will live in physically or mentally before we die. My mom lived to be 6 weeks shy of 98. She skimped and save her whole adult life buried 2 husbands one at the end of WWII had a 2.5 year old and was 3 months pregnant with the second when he was killed. My Dad died when I was 9 and my younger brother was 7 in 1964. There is 11yrs between my oldest brother and me. She never married after that. She paid for the house we grew up in, we ALWAYS had a roof over our head, food in our belly, and clothes on our backs. She worked simple jobs Floor sale at Sears, Woolco, Madison's, and as a Meat Wrapper in a grocery. Daleo6 has it right, live below your means and stay debt free. Your Needs, out way your Wants, ALWAYS. That little ole lady who started off as a poor farm girl during the depression, paid for a house, raised 4 boys, and buried 2 husbands saved, plus with the interest off of Certificates of Deposit over 3/4 of a Million dollars, not including the house she owned. I had to put her in a Nursing home due to Dementia, in the fall 2013, when she died in January of last year, the room rate cost was $10,000/ month when she died. Room rates were going up about $300/month annually. It burnt through most of what she saved and would have preferred her boys to have. She did not want to be a burden on her children or others. Point of all this being really look how much your are saving. To live AFTER You can't take care of yourself anymore, is VERY EXPENSIVE. YOU don't get to decide when you die (unless you do it yourself), society won't let you die, society says everything has to be done to keep you alive (Institutions can't just let you die, UNLESS you are a Do Not Resuscitate by Living Will, or are actually going through the actual dying process (there is a difference), they can get charged with murder), and family members may not want to just let you die, unless you have a Living Will which should be executed by your Medical Power of Attorney. As a whole we as members of Society are living longer. The longer we live, the more it will cost to take care of us. All of this is not including Lawyer fees, if you haven't appointed a Power of Attorney (Financial) and Medical Power Attorney, because the State will appoint one to make sure you are taken care of (more or less) and they will get paid out of what you have. You may think you have all your Ducks in a Row but do you really. Think of the unthinkable for yourself living into your 90's or over 100 and not being able to take care of yourself. DANNY

From: BullBuster
10-May-19
I am retiring on June 30!!! I am more concerned about dying with a bunch of money than running out. I want to burn it all up and die poor. Nothing for the heirs. They are on their own.

From: xtroutx
10-May-19
I retired a 50 and have no regrets. I will be 60 in july and have loved every bit of the past ten years. I have a pension and I got my full social security at age 55, which includes medicare. My home, and cars are paid for and I am debt free. If you can do it earily I say do it and enjoy it while you can. I cant see myself spending a lot of money once Im in my 70s so I enjoy doing it now while I am somewhat healthy.

From: Jaquomo
10-May-19
Xtroutx, how did you manage to get full Social Security and Medicare at age 55?

From: sasquatch
10-May-19
I’m young but watch my money closely and think about this question all the time. I also work with a lot of people who I feel aren’t too good at the math.

One thing I see most think of is about using what they make now and or close to it as what they’ll need.

Don’t forget what your salary is now is no where near what you are living off of, after investing for retirement and Taxes etc. So most are living on HALF of their salary, plus have bills and still save a bit. In retirement you should be debt free if not earlier.

I’m already there at 30 so I hope it’s a good sign to come. House and all vehicles are paid for, plus one rental house.

It may be stupid of me but I feel and hope I could retire at 50-55 if things keep going decent and we don’t have some sort of market crash.

10-May-19
Bull Buster for sure...your gonna run out of health before you run out of money...most likely...most are going well would if I live to 100 better plan on having money for that screw that nobody get out alive I am planning on living till 75-80ish...health will see

10-May-19
I spent lots of time in Middle East Jihadi zones and always told myself not matter the odds I would never be captured alive not afraid of dying...but the one thing I feared was torture...really old age sure looks alot like torture to me

From: Jaquomo
10-May-19
Saaquatch, that's a good way to look at it. Doesn't matter about anyone's "percentage of current income" as some of the websites advise. It's all about spend. We kept track of spend for 2 years before I retired, then factored in things like future home and vehicle repairs, vacation trips, post-retirement hunting-fishing budget, insurance increases (for everything).

From: Aubs8
12-May-19
The key is to start thinking about retirement in 20's...no one cares more about your money than you do....you don't need to pay someone to do it for you...that includes actively managed funds which will cost you tens of thousands of dollars over time... Vanguard created the first low cost index funds and their Target Retirement funds provide diversification and automatically change stock:bond allocations over time with low costs.

As far as how much you can withdraw from your retirement fund in retirement, the Trinity Study showed approximately 4-5% without eating into principle over 20-30 years depending on stock:bond allocations based on historic annual returns.

Keep it simple. I read somewhere (maybe Jack Bogle) the "ruination of a good plan is the search for the perfect plan."

If I need advice in the future, I will go to a "fee only" planner.

Take care. Mike

From: pav
12-May-19
sasquatch - "Don’t forget what your salary is now is no where near what you are living off of, after investing for retirement and Taxes etc. So most are living on HALF of their salary, plus have bills and still save a bit."

Exactly! Right now, I'm setting 20% of my gross income aside in pre-tax accounts...and another 20% of my gross income in after tax accounts. That's 40% of my income (plus taxes on the after tax money) that need not be accounted for after retirement. Finally have the house paid off...so my largest monthly expense is gone now.

Retirement is still at least two years out....and I need to start taking Lou's advice about tracking all expenses real soon...but I'm pretty confident that number is going to be less than half my current income.

Health care is the big unknown right now....but my wife will be Medicare eligible in less than three years...so that should help. I'm maxing out the HSA in hopes that account balance pretty much bridges me to Medicare eligibility.

12-May-19
I retired because I could not get all the weeks off I needed for an elk hunt,,,,, how is that for planning................. never regretted a day since I left 11 years ago,,,,,,,,,,,, I am just fine,,,,,

2017 had to have my heart fixed,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, this week I was told I was 100 percent, see you next year

this week they found skin cancer, and was able to get it all out,,,,,,,

You can not put a price on time

From: BULELK1
13-May-19
I was going to do a Year After thread to follow-up on my Retirement thread back in 01/2018 but I got busy and didn't do it.

Here is my Recap after a full year of retirement/income...…

Nothing actually ends up $$$ as you plan or the amounts you are told by Human Resources ect. always some tweaking/crunching of the $$ amounts.

None-the-less with my DoD, SS and TSP amounts, after state/fed taxes, Single High Option Medical/Dental/Vision ( Plus -$135.00 Medicare), so all total deductions, I have Direct Deposits from all three retirement income amounts right at $4,978.33 a month/ over $64,000.00 Gross a Year type deal.

I pretty much remodeled my whole home (inside) in 2018 and a few of you bowsiters have been to my home and seen my work and remodel, from Marble bathroom to new kitchen ect.

Like I stated above, I have No debt and I have a CD savings for my new 2019 or maybe 2020 F350 truck I am going to order.

I have $2,500.00 going directly into a seperate savings account each month as I don't need it nor do I need to have it sitting in front of me to Spend!! haha

I actually recieved Tax Refund checks for 2018 which is a first in many years!

I strongly believe that the less items you need to replace because of old age like vehicles or home repair/remodel, the newer the better and paid off type deal, the Less retirement income you need but you will have More available to save or spend.

1 minor disclaimer---- I have No wifey, I am a bachelor, that maybe significant on the smooth flow......1 person making decisions ~~~~

Good luck, Robb

From: 12yards
13-May-19
Wait a minute Robb! How can you be too busy for Bowsite in retirement?! ;^D

From: Ziek
13-May-19
"I plan to work till I die..."

I know too many guys that had that as a plan. Problem is, life doesn't work that way. Way before you actually die, you become unable to work. At that point, you better have some resources, or life is really going to suck.

From: Ziek
13-May-19
"People are amazed when I tell them that I paid cash for a truck."

Maybe because that is not always the best option depending on dealer incentives, loan interest rates, how much your money is earning, and tax ramifications if you withdraw from a retirement account. It may be better to take the loan and let your money keep earning. It's also important to keep up a good credit score if you ever want or need to borrow. You can only do that by using credit responsibly. Cash only transactions don't help your score.

From: Junior
13-May-19
Ziek, I think your right, it's not always the best option to pay things off....putting cash to work is the ticket. However if invested wrong, who will benefit the most? Us or Uncle Sam? Especially the younger guys. Who knows what the tax rate may change to?

From: Bob H in NH
13-May-19
My credit rate DROPPED 40 points when I went debt free. I pulled my credit report and there's nothing on there wrong, just shows everything is paid off except a single credit card. That had a high balance at the time (something about moving cross country and putting that on the cc!)

Who would have thought high income, no debt means bad credit risk. Sheesh.

From: peterk1234
13-May-19
Bob H, I will be happy to have a "bad" credit score because I have no debt :) Pete

13-May-19
Bob H, I was shocked to see the same thing. When I retired the 1st of Jan, I paid off our home and truck. Only debt was the new camp trailer that I got at a terrific price, along with a low interest rate.

That said, I’d rather have a lower credit rating with little debt than a great credit rating with debt up the kazoo!

From: pav
14-May-19
wyobullshooter - "That said, I’d rather have a lower credit rating with little debt than a great credit rating with debt up the kazoo!"

Amen Brother!

From: BULELK1
14-May-19
I dropped to a low of 794 C-rating but have climbed back up over 800 to just this morning @ 809, I tried to copy and paste here but it wouldn't let me copy....Secure site no doubt.

I've recently been told that anything over 740 is good-to-go......not that I am looking to go in debt!!

Good luck, Robb

From: Z Barebow
14-May-19
Although David Taylor appears to have experience in academia, it appears reading comprehension is not his strong suit. This is a thread about retirement income, not students writing papers. Dumb@ss! You need to go. Moderator please.

From: Jaquomo
14-May-19
David, I'm taking a course in the History of Pornography, and a term paper is due next week. Do you have deep experience in that subject matter?

From: deerhunter72
14-May-19
Glad to see this thread revived. I totally forgot about it and didn't remember even posting on it, a not quite so senior moment. My wife and I actually hired a fee based, independent advisor to look over all of information a couple of months ago. It was expensive, but he looked over everything-income, expenses, savings, investments, college funding, life insurance, long term care, life goals, retirement dates etc. He then came up with detailed plan of where we stand and made suggestions on basically everything. It was eye opening, his model planned on each of us living to 97 I think. If I live that long no one will be more surprised than me, and frankly I don't think I want to. We have always been savers and had planned to retire early, each at 55, my wife will have a very good pension with supplemented healthcare and I'll have neither. He used something called a Monte Carlo simulation to predict probable outcomes of our plan being successful as is and then ran comparisons showing us following his recommended changes. Little changes really add up! If we cut spending just 3% and invest that money the likely hood of not running out of money went up 10% and if we combine that with me working 2 additional years the probability was extremely high. I don't know if I'll do that or not, but it was good information.

He suggested changes to all of our investment allocations. My wife needs more life insurance-she's more valuable than me because of her pension. I was really surprised that he suggested dialing back our savings rate by quite a bit to build up a bigger cash cushion and help pay for college expenses, and then hit it hard our last few working years. Naturally the biggest obstacle is my healthcare costs. I will be able to buy insurance thru my wife's plan, but I will basically pay the whole premium and it will be very expensive. The longer we delay that makes a HUGE difference in our end of life net worth. It all depends on how much we want to leave. His analysis did include paying full price for nursing home care for both of us in our final 2 years.

Overall I'm glad we did it and would recommend this type of service to anyone. I think his estimates on our post retirement spending and expenses are higher than what we will need, but it's better to aim high and need less. It was reassuring to know that what we have planned all along to do on our own is basically working. But, everything is subject to change, one life changing event can wipe out any good plan. I heard a good quote the other day "the days are long, but the years are short". We have to make the most of the time we have. This is a great thread and it's good to see that a lot of us are good planners!

From: TreeWalker
14-May-19
There have been a couple of comments about taking advantage of loans for a car or home or another purchase if after-tax finance cost can be preferable than if paid cash since you can leave more of your cash invested at presumably a higher after tax return.

Here is my take on the pay cash (if have) vs. take a loan. I call it SWAN which is Sleep Well At Night. I pay cash for vehicles. If I lose my job or have to stop working then I might worry that in less than a month I have vehicle payment #16 of 36 due and then face same outflow each month for a while. I also might worry a payment was received late which triggers a late charge and increases costs when your credit rating falls.

I always assumed I would have a home mortgage during the years I am working. After all, Uncle Sam was effectively paying about 40% of my interest and property tax. Thanks Uncle! Then, in 2018 the Federal standard deduction went up to $12,000 which for me is $24,000 for our household. Suddenly, most of the interest and property tax was merely getting us up to the $24,000 threshold so I aggressively began paying down the mortgage in 2017 and will be done by Christmas. SWAN.

You could argue renting is even better than owning a primary residence, especially if move frequently. I don't move frequently. I like owning and is something my ego appreciates. So, SWAN and my ego pay more attention to the amount of debt than the amount of savings.

I have never woken up in the middle of the night with the sudden thought, "Did I miss a few $100 of wealth this year by paying cash for my car rather than using the dealer's below market loan rate?" There have been a few times over the years I woke up in middle of the night wondering, "Did I actually mail the car payment on the way to work yesterday?"

So, SWAN is my buddy. Stress kills.

From: 35-Acre
14-May-19
This was a great thread! And will probably continue to grow.

As usual lots of good information from like-minded people (to quote someone above). I've seen lots of the "rules of thumb" before. Although the FIRECalc was new to me. It's not even close to the built in calculator in my TRowe account (FuturePath Tool). They both say that as long as I keep doing what I'm doing I should be okay based on the lifestyle that I choose to live. That's nice.

For me, I'm going to retire as soon as I can. My family has health issues that appear to be hereditary and I would like to enjoy the time off.

I took some other good advice. Someone above mentioned giving their kids a Roth as a gift. I put that in my planning spreadsheet. To which, I added a couple of expense items to as part of my plan.

My spreadsheet really is what expenses I have to account for once I retire. I plan on going out with a mortgage in-tow and paying my own medical (who knows if anything will be left to offset that in 7 years). These are the things I've got to cover (I used yearly numbers):

House (Taxes) Cell Phones Gas/Electric Internet TV Car Insurance Health Insurance Food Gas (vehicles) Water Church Vehicles Mortgage Home Equity (paid off) Kids College Fun Money Travel Christmas and Gifts

Then, I added up my SS, my wife's SS, my Pension and my 401k and 401K Roth. Mainly I see I can do this in 7 years (55). But there were other good points here that were skipped a bit.

I also plan on putting some money into a trust and turning the house over to the kids. That way, my money is protected for them.

From: Jason hunter
14-May-19
I am not near retirement age but I have question. If let’s say latter in my life at , lets say 60 years of age , I start pulling money from my 401k. I take that money and buy 9k in gold per month. And I place that gold in a safety deposit box. Can the government find out and come after that should I get sick?

From: deerhunter72
14-May-19
TreeWalker, I completely agree about SWAN. We have been debt free for several years now and there is no peace of mind like it. Having no mortgage is very liberating.

Some people were mentioning credit scores going down after dumping debt. I used to be under the same misconception until I did some reading on what a credit score really is, basically it's just a function of how much credit you have extended and how well you pay it back. If you have no debt and continue to never borrow money your score will eventually hit zero because you don't owe anyone money. Since I have been debt free for a while what I do is keep a couple of credit cards that we use, mostly Amazon Prime, and pay it off every month. The last time I checked my score was 840, not that I care about keeping it high, however most insurance companies now factor in your score when they figure your home and auto rates. I think this is a crock of bull, but that's how most of them do it these days.

The FIRE movement is really interesting. I listen to a lot of podcasts about it and would love to do that ASAP. If I didn't have to pay for 2 kids to go to college I would probably be at FIRE when I hit 50 in 6 years.

Jason Hunter, BRILLANT plan! I'm sure you're way to smart for the govt to track you down.

From: Jaquomo
14-May-19
Jason, not sure what you are trying to accomplish? You'll pay taxes on the 401K withdrawals. You can keep it in gold, fishing lures, cash, rare Scotch, and the government doesn't care.

If you "get sick" it doesn't matter how much money or gold or Scotch you have. You pay whatever insurance doesn't cover, which with Obamacare can be a lot. If you're talking about Medicaid, you are eligible for that when your total assets get down to $3000. Not before. If you lie about it and they catch you, which they will if you hide gold and start selling it off, you'll probably go to jail and get free health care....

From: Jaquomo
14-May-19
35 acres, don't forget a slush fund for things like major home repairs (roof, furnace, etc..) and also the big health care deductibles if something goes unexpectedly wrong. With your projected income you'll be paying max health insurance premiums unless you have some sort of post-retirement coverage. In 7 years that could be astronomical. Plus,ore and more medications are being exempted from health insurance coverage, and as I learned when my wife got sick, that can be REALLY expensive. Be sure you don't underestimate since you'll be at least 11 years away from Medicare if you retire at 55.

From: Trial153
14-May-19
With today’s prices and the fact that I am in my early 40s, I can’t imagine retiring on less then to 200k a year for at least the first 10 years of our retirement.

From: spike78
14-May-19
I have a very simple retirement plan. When I’m 60 I will take out loans and max out credit cards and when I die my ass will be pointing up for them to kiss ha! I have no kids so they are screwed!

From: peterk1234
14-May-19
I have to admit it, Spike78 is onto something here.

From: Jaquomo
14-May-19
Trial, you may very well be right. It's really alarming how many people are in their 40s now and have leess than $20K saved/invested, and who think they'll somehow magically be taken care of.

Then again, with the left-socialist drift occurring, those without may vote for people who pronise to take from those who've worked hard, sacrificed and saved to ensure a comfortable retirement. Somehow many see that as "unfair".

From: spike78
14-May-19
Peter, I remember years ago a guy that was in 60s telling me he eats lobster and fillet mignon all the time and puts it on his credit card. He basically said he just runs it up non stop and pays the minimum each month. He said what the hell do I care I will be dead sooner or later lol.

From: Bloodtrail
14-May-19
I’m like Trial too...I can’t imagine living on less than $10k net per month in this day and age. Shoot, I spend $500 a month on just gas.

From: timex
14-May-19
yal l make me feel like a bum. I live 2 miles from work & usually a tank of gas in my old s10 lasts a month the most expensive thing I've ever bought other than a house is the new 300 outboard on my old boat. yal l are talking some insane $$$ 2 million in first ten year's of retirement. seriously where the hell do you live

From: relliK reeD
15-May-19
May as well close it out at 300 with a few words of caution. PAY ATTENTION as I did not! I let the other half do all the finances for 25 years and thought I was all set until I started checking things out. I was still paying for the kids cell phones and there vehicle insurance(they are both college grads and have good jobs) paying for my lazy fat sister in laws cell phone and many others things that's when the fight started! Now I am in charge and will have to work extra years to make up the difference but that's fine. Don't trust anyone without keeping tabs on things. FOR SALE EX WIFE AND WILL THROUGH IN THE SISTER IN LAW FOR FREE JUST PAY SHIPPING AND HANDLING

From: 35-Acre
15-May-19
Jaquomo - Thanks for catching that! I've added that (now). I guess I'm putting that into "a savings account" on an annual basis. That will help cover furnace, roof, or whatever (my working theory was if we had to do deal with something along those lines, we would just travel less and spend less over a period of months). But sticking money in a savings account does give me a cushion but it won't add up to enough for something like catastrophic health issue (like some stories on here; I think someone said they had like a $700K hit).

As for medical, once I retire from my career, I will probably still try and find some work(I have an idea). I am thinking that I will pick up a part-time job where I can buy into medical to help offset some of the costs. Once I retire, for my first 18 months, I can get cobra. So if I can off-set that and pick up a part-time gig that does help me deal with medical, I can work for a few hours a week and have a variable schedule or whatever. When the part time job becomes a burden (to hunting, travel or whatever), where they won't accommodate my needs, I'll find another job that will. That's my plan/hope. If that doesn't work, I'm planning to pay for it myself anyway. If it does work, then that's money that I don't need during that time.

Thoughts?

From: Jaquomo
15-May-19
35 acres, be prepared for major sticker shock with COBRA. You'll pay full price for a plan that may have way more coverage than you need, especially if you're reasonably healthy. Shop the Obamacare exchange to compare.

Also, very few part time jobs offer health coverage. Thats usually why they're part-time, so employers don't have to pay benefits.

Most people who are leaving an employer health plan seriously underestimate how much health care costs. Our full-price for "Silver" plan premiums had reached $2000 a month at the end of 2017. That was with a $6000 deductible. She needed a prescription that cost around $1000 a month that Anthem didn't want to cover. So if we had to pay full price we'd have been looking at $42,000 a year, not counting the 20% copay for doctor visits and lab work after meeting the deductible.

Since I didn't have a pension and had enough nonqualified investments to live on, I managed our taxable income low enough so we got a subsidy to help with the premiums. But even then, it took a big chunk of the budget we'd so carefully planned out. She died at the end of 2017, and I found a way cheap plan for just myself until now, when I qualify for Medicare.

From: Stoneman
15-May-19
Lou, may I ask who is the underwriter for your Long Term Care and is your policy a "standard term" policy or hybrid? About time I looked into this...

Thanks, Dave

From: Jaquomo
15-May-19
Dave, mine is through Genworth, but I think there may be better plans available now with a guarantee of no premium increase. I've had one increase since I got mine about 10 years ago.

From: Jaquomo
15-May-19
Dave, mine is through Genworth, but I think there may be better plans available now with a guarantee of no premium increase. I've had one increase since I got mine about 10 years ago.

From: weekender21
16-May-19
Long read but a great thread. Like many of you, I'm amazed/alarmed how many 35-45 year-olds that have absolutely no retirement plan. Scary. That's actually horrible news for all of you that have a plan and pay taxes, but you probably already know that.

I'm also surprised at how many like minded bowsiters have great plans and are retiring early, great to hear. Must be that drive to spend more years listening to elk bugle vs. getting stuck in traffic.

I'm retiring from the military in a few years with a moderate pension. It's not a ton of money but above the median income where we're headed in the smokies where we own 172 acres. My wife and I max out Roth IRA's every year and I've had a TSP (basically 401k without employer contribution) for many years. We won't be loaded but will have plenty to live how we want and travel a good bit. My wife plans to work for 15-20 years when I retire.

As far as the debt free thing goes, we are and plan to keep it that way. I've had excellent credit my entire life but could care less. We use CC's but don't carry a monthly balance, basically cash with travel perks. Stress free living.

16-May-19
So many different plans, means, and outlooks. It all depends on what you do and how you plan. Goals, kids, marriage, etc, all have to be taken into personal account.

My story is very different. I decided to semi-retire at age 35 (work 6 months a year) and work longer (more years). The thing is, I enjoy my work and I can do it to a very old age. It's rewarding and so long as I'm not working too much, I feel I can do it for a very long time. At 40, I don't have a ton saved, but I make plenty and my income/work is sustainable. And if I need more money, I just work a little more.

I get to hunt as much as I want (nearly as much; it'd be nice to take July-January off) and I get to see my kids while they're awake when I'm off work instead of leaving and getting home during their sleep hours.

It all comes with sacrifices, but I'm happier now than I've ever been. I know I'll work much later in life than I otherwise would if I busted my ass now, but I don't want to.

I have two teenage daughters right now that cost an incredible amount of money, especially when dad makes that available to well-behaved girls who get good grades and get into good schools. But that's a good thing, I hope. And I plan on funding them through college - private school and college will set back my ultimate retirement date by several years, but I'm ok with that.

My grandpa is 97 and still lives alone. My great-grandpa died at 102 of melanoma and tilled ground and planted corn/beans in Southern Minnesota the year he died. Both my grandmas died at 88. My family is very long-lived. If I'm working into my 60s, it doesn't bother me in the slightest so long as I'm working 6 months a year.

I'll probably work very late in life, but that's the decision I've made and so far, it's been the right decision. I've taken/taking 3 vacations with my daughters this year and I'm hunting sheep August 10th. I think it's worth it.

We should all be so thankful that we live in a country that has made this possible for us. So many places in the world, people work as hard as they can to scrape by and then they hopefully have kids to take care of them once they can no longer work to sustain themselves and depend on them till they die. We're really lucky to be born where we were and when we were. Don't forget it's been on the backs of those that have sacrificed for us so that we could live this lifestyle.

From: Mad Trapper
16-May-19
Amen Ike

From: midwest
16-May-19
You're doing it right, Ike!

From: SBH
16-May-19
Love what Ike said. Very unique take on the whole thing. Cool to see someone doing that. Lots of good stuff above.

I had a guy ask me this question one time and it stuck with me..... "Why does everyone spend the prime years of their life trying to make 60 years worth of money in 20 years of work? Why not spread it out a bit and enjoy your younger years while you have your health and young kids with you? There's nothing wrong with work, its good for you" Given that you aren't guaranteed tomorrow. Live today. I guess I am fortunate in that I don't hate my job and the thought of doing some fun stuff now is worth working a little later in life.

From: Jaquomo
16-May-19
Great perspective, Ike. My mom's 95 and her doc told me shes getting stronger and more vital. So I worked until 60 even though I didn't have to, just to be sure I wouldn't run out of money (as she has).

Your statement about how lucky we are to live in this country is on the mark. Amazes me how so many on the Left constantly complain about what a terrible country we live in. One Dem presidential candidate even said, "America was never great".

From: Jaquomo
16-May-19
In a recent Denver survey about saving habits, over a third of respondents believe they can save/accumulate $2 million dollars in just ten years, which is why they aren't saving money at earlier ages.

The reality will smack most of them upside the head really hard.

From: Stoneman
16-May-19
Thanks Lou, I am currently looking at Mutual of Omaha for a standard policy and One America for the hybrid. I have some homework now.

From: deerhunter72
16-May-19
Great post Ike! Sounds like you have a great thing going and AMEN! about those who have sacrificed and served for us to have the freedoms that we enjoy.

One thing we all need to do is not underestimate happiness and quality of life. I was in a terrible position work wise about 4 years ago and suffered through 2 miserable years until I had the opportunity to make a change. I took a big pay cut, but I got control of my life back and haven't missed a dime. I don't mind working at all as long as it doesn't consume everything. My work does not define me.

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